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Nov 17, 2017 Morality and Social Taboos Essay,

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Nov 17, 2017 Morality and Social Taboos Essay,

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Inner Dialogue—Writing Character Thoughts. last modified March 21, 2016. FYI—I updated this article on Jan. 15, 2015. The topic of Morality and Social Taboos character thoughts has come up repeatedly for me in Essay about For a Voice the last couple of weeks, and I promised to address punctuation for inner dialogue. Inner dialogue is and Social Taboos simply the speech of a character to himself. He hears it and the reader hears it, but other characters have no idea what’s going on about in his head. It’s the same for Morality and Social Essay, us and our thoughts.

Unless we reveal them, no one knows what we’re thinking. In our worlds, however, even if we do reveal our thoughts, it’s likely that no one hears those thoughts uncensored. Important? Lovers may share most of what they’re thinking, or an abusive parent might dump every thought on a child, but for the most part, men and Morality Taboos Essay, women don’t share every thought. If they did, they’d be talking nonstop. And they’d be opening up the very most intimate part of themselves. Most people simply don’t tell what they’re thinking, in full, to others. To do so would make them vulnerable, naked, without protection. That’s a bit too much for any of us 3-dimensional people. With characters, however, we get to listen in. And we hear not only passive thoughts—the stream of consciousness patter that flows through the mind—but deliberate dialogue—a character giving himself a pep-talk or talking himself into or out of ted just particular actions.

Thought and inner dialogue give the reader insight he can’t get from Morality and Social Essay, watching a character’s actions from the outside . Inner dialogue and principles, thought reveal truth. They reveal darkness. They reveal hope or dreams or resignation. They reveal emotions or beliefs too painful to be shared with other characters. They reveal the Morality, heart. The Workshop? They reveal despair of the soul.

They reveal strength of the spirit. Thought and inner dialogue can be used to raise the emotional level of a scene . When we see a mother comforting her child, telling him all is Morality and Social Taboos well, and the workshop of the world, then we see into her thoughts, knowing that in truth she has no hope that all will be well, we feel her love for her child. We see her own feelings and the need she feels to protect her child from Morality Taboos Essay, a painful truth. Character thought can also lighten a scene . A man who’s holding back sarcasm or inappropriate humor may present a blank face to other characters but may reveal his irreverence to the reader. What else can thought and film), inner dialogue do? Thoughts and lectures to self allow readers insight into a character. They allow characters to and Social Taboos, be differentiated. They give characters an honest voice. They can reveal character motivation. They can slow the pace of is grammar a scene.

They can reveal a character’s conflict between his inner man and the needs of others. So, how does the and Social Essay, writer convey the thoughts and principles, inner dialogue of a character? First, the and Social Essay, character must be the viewpoint character for a scene . Unless you’re writing from a completely omniscient viewpoint, which is quite unusual these days, you won’t be dipping into and out of new world (1998 every character’s head. And you certainly won’t be doing so within the same scene. So be sure we don’t get a thought from the dog when a couple is having a fight, not unless the dog is the and Social Taboos Essay, viewpoint character for is grammar, the scene. Also, you’ll only Morality and Social want to reveal thoughts and inner dialogue that advance the plot . We don’t need to the workshop, hear everything, just the and Social Taboos, good stuff. You could show random thoughts a time or two to establish the about, way a character thinks, but skip those kinds of thoughts for the most part. Give the Taboos Essay, reader thoughts that reveal the is grammar, character and have bearing on the plot. Thoughts that up the emotional temperature for the reader.

In practical terms, try any of the following. And Social Taboos? But be selective: one option is likely to be a better choice than either of the others given the needs of world a particular story and the effect you want or need to create. Option #3, writing thoughts without italics, makes for the least intrusive read and is likely the best choice for most of today’s writers and for Morality and Social, most genres . It may not be perfect for important, every story, genre, and set of Taboos Essay circumstances, but it will work for many. Especially for stories with deep POV, that very intimate third-person point of view. 1. Use italics and thought tags. For traditional third-person narration, you can use italics to ted just, indicate a character’s thoughts or inner dialogue. And Social Taboos Essay? This sends an in the Essay unambiguous signal to and Social Taboos Essay, the reader that what she’s reading is thought or inner dialogue and not spoken dialogue.

The use of addiction italics for thoughts, however, can create a greater narrative distance , setting readers outside of the character and Essay, the events of the is grammar important, scene. The reader may feel herself an Morality Taboos outsider to the character’s thoughts, reading them, as if they were reported to her, but not hearing or experiencing them for herself. Yet if that’s the effect you want/need to create, italics for thoughts is a valid choice. Such a choice may be necessary if an omniscient narrator treats readers to thoughts from a variety of addiction ted just admit it characters in the same scene. Yet a thought tag alone, with no italics, may also meet your needs. Pairing the thoughts with thought tags ( thought, wondered, imagined ) is helpful to identify the owner of and Social Essay a particular thought. Montrose angled his head, taking in both Giselle and her sister behind her. They look nothing alike , he thought. Important? He should have known Giselle was not Ariana. Montrose angled his head, taking in both Giselle and Morality Taboos Essay, her sister behind her.

They look nothing alike , he thought. I should’ve known Giselle was not Ariana . No need to write he thought to himself . The reader knows he’s not thinking to someone else. Unless, of course, we’re talking paranormal or sci-fi. In such cases, you might indeed need to tell us who Montrose is thinking to. Note that the verb look is in (1998 film) the present tense. Because this is inner dialogue—words directed to the character from himself—verb tense can be past or present, even if the and Social Taboos, rest of the narrative is past tense. 2. Use italics without dialogue tags. When you’ve made it clear who the viewpoint character is, you can use italics without the Essay about Fighting For a, dialogue tags. Readers will understand that the viewpoint character is the Morality, one revealing his thoughts. This lessens the narrative distance, and Essay about For a Voice, the reader feels closer to the story events, less like the outsider observing events or reading a report of what someone thought.

Montrose tilted his head to get a clearer view of the hoyden behind Giselle. They look nothing alike . Morality And Social Taboos Essay? He dismissed the two of them with the flick of a wrist. And neither looks like my Margaret . Use of italics allows the writer to treat thoughts as if the words are dialogue, as if the character is speaking to himself. So, we can use the present tense look rather than looked , even if the rest of the story uses narration in the past tense. The writer can also use I and me and important, we and our , even if the story is in the third person.

Whatever you can do with spoken dialogue, you can do with a character’s inner dialogue. 3. Don’t use italics or dialogue tags. This is likely the option most writers will use for most genres most of the time . Not always, but quite often. It creates the shortest narrative distance. You can eliminate the use of and need for Morality and Social, italics if you’re using first-person narration or deep POV in brave new world film) third-person narration. Since the reader knows and feels he’s in the character’s head, there’s no need to use italics to highlight character thoughts or dialogue directed to and Social Taboos Essay, the character from himself. You could throw in of the world a thought tag every now and then for thoughts that aren’t italicized if you find it necessary—maybe the effect you need to create or a particular rhythm would make the Morality Taboos Essay, tag necessary. But for is grammar important, the most part, a thought tag wouldn’t need to be included. And Social? The thought could just be blended into the surrounding text.

Note: Do note, however, that in world stories with an omniscient POV, readers will need to be able to differentiate between thoughts of the omniscient narrator and and Social Taboos Essay, the characters. This is especially true when the narrator is opinionated and when you share both the narrator’s thoughts and the thoughts of multiple characters in the same scene. The following is an example of thoughts without italics from important, a third-person POV. In this example, the reader is not being told Montrose’s thoughts, but actually hears them as Montrose thinks them. Montrose tilted his head to get a clearer view of the hoyden behind Giselle. They looked nothing alike, these two women posing as his dead wife’s sisters. He dismissed both with a flick of Morality and Social his wrist. Brave New World (1998? They also looked nothing like his sweet, sweet Margaret. Stupid, ignorant fool. Morality And Social Taboos? Should have known better than to believe. Than to hope . . . There is no doubt that Montrose is the one thinking these thoughts.

For first-person POV, there are not often instances when you’d even need to use a thought tag to identify a character’s thoughts, much less use italics for those thoughts. Fighting For A? Yet one instance for using thought tags for first-person POV would be to create some narrative distance or to create the effect of the character reporting his thoughts to the reader, as if to an audience. Still, most often the thoughts of a first-person narrator will blend seamlessly into the surrounding text— I tipped my head to get a clearer view of the hoyden behind Giselle. They looked nothing alike, these two women posing as Margaret’s sisters. Morality Taboos? I waved them away. And they certainly didn’t favor my sweet Margaret.

Stupid, ignorant fool. I should have known better than to believe. Than to hope . . . Note that without the italics, I kept the verbs in the past tense to principles nursing, match the rest of the narration. Morality? This is a deliberate choice. It maintains consistency for the reader, keeps her from wondering why the is grammar important, writer changed from past to present tense. With italics, the Taboos, reader is given a signal to alert her to the inner thought. Is Grammar Important? Without italics, there is no visual signal. Readers will understand that they’re reading thoughts, but a change to present tense in those thoughts—pushed up against past tense with the rest of the actions—may cause a hesitation for the reader.

And you don’t want to do anything to pull the reader from the fiction. This practice of switching verb tense only when using italics is Morality Taboos Essay a suggestion, not a hard rule. You’ve got options, and if you can make your story work by is grammar important mixing present tense in your viewpoint character’s thoughts with past tense in Morality and Social that same character’s actions and do so without the visual aid of italics, try it. There’s nothing wrong with trying something. Yet know that such a practice won’t be universally understood or accepted. Realize that you might lose your reader. And you definitely don’t want to make your reader hesitate, don’t want her wondering about the mechanics of is grammar story rather than being lost to Morality and Social Taboos Essay, the plot of story. Help the reader out.

While I wouldn’t want to say you can’t try something, my recommendation is to ethical, only switch tense in thought or inner dialogue if you use italics to Morality Essay, highlight the thought. I also counsel against using I , me , we , or our in thoughts written without italics if you’re using a third-person POV. Addiction Admit It? Without the Morality Essay, signal of the italics, readers will think you’ve switched from third to The Future of Life in the Universe Essay, first person mid-paragraph. Again, however, if you can make such an option work, try it. While it’s certainly not required and you wouldn’t use the technique all the time—maybe not much of the time— consider putting thoughts and inner dialogue into a new paragraph , as if it were spoken dialogue. Yet even as dialogue can share a paragraph with action, so can thoughts.

Treat inner dialogue as you would spoken dialogue. Separate the thoughts into a new paragraph if you want to create a wider narrative distance, yet keep thoughts in the same paragraph to narrow the Morality Taboos Essay, narrative distance. Never use quotation marks for thoughts , even if those thoughts are inner dialogue, a character talking to himself. Reserve quotation marks for speech that’s vocalized. Readers should be able to tell when a character is speaking inside his head and when he’s talking aloud, even if he’s the janes addiction ted just admit it, only person in Morality and Social the scene.

Plus, if you can cut back on distracting visuals, including unnecessary punctuation, do it. Be consistent . Use the same method of Essay Fighting conveying character thought and inner dialogue on the last page that you use on the first page. Consistency keeps the reader grounded in the fiction. Changes in Morality Taboos method distract the of the world, reader. I hope these tips are helpful as you look for ways to convey thoughts and inner dialogue. If you’ve explored other options, let us know what you’ve seen or tried for yourself. What works for you?

What doesn’t? Let your fellow writers and Taboos Essay, editors know how you write inner dialogue and character thoughts. Share your own tips about punctuating thoughts. Let us know how you write good fiction. On May 16, 2012, I made a couple of changes to the examples and their explanations. I hope the options are now clearer. 179 Responses to “Inner Dialogue—Writing Character Thoughts” This got me a bit confused, because you used a style that made your examples all appear in italic. There’s no italic-italic (or mezzogiorno-italic) to distinguish your inner dialogue from the janes addiction ted just admit it, rest.

Hajo, the Essay, italcs and roman fonts show up here on the article. Is it just on the e-mail version where some paragraphs are shown in all italics? I don’t know that I have control over that setup. Is Grammar Important? I’ll have to check. Thanks for the heads-up. True. I read the email version. And Social Taboos? All the indented paragraphs are italic there. Thanks. What would it look like if the brave new world, character’s thought was a question? You, your blog and this article are a godsend.

Thanks so much for Morality and Social Essay, the very helpful tips and attention to all the questions. I have two. 1) I’m struggling a bit with paragraphs, especially in dialogue and narrative. How best should one continue the same paragraph including dialogue, while still using new paragraphs to indicate the of Life Universe Essay, change in speakers? For example; My mother is sitting on the balcony, but she’s alone. There are no pointy heels punctuating the floor and Ma’s face is a crumpled handkerchief. “What happened, mom? Where’s Aunt Stella?” My mother looks down, her eyes red and wet.

She just shakes her head. Should the Essay, sentences following the dialogue be indented as new paragraphs or left as they are? In dialogue, should titles like “Mom” be capitalized? BG, I’m glad you’re finding something you can use. Mom is of Life Universe a name as you’re using it, so yes, it gets capped. Sir or honey or sweetie wouldn’t get capped.

The lines after the dialogue look like new paragraphs in your example, but that may be a function of the comment. So . . . My mother is sitting on the balcony, but she’s alone. Morality Taboos? There are no pointy heels punctuating the floor, and Ma’s face is a crumpled handkerchief. “What happened, Mom? Where’s Aunt Stella?” “I don’t know.” My mother looks down, her eyes red and wet. She just shakes her head. My mother is sitting on the balcony, but she’s alone. No pointy heels punctuate the floor, and Ma’s face is a crumpled handkerchief. “What happened, Mom? Where’s Aunt Stella?” My mother looks down, her eyes red and wet. “I don’t know.”

She just shakes her head. Also, you’ve got mother, ma, and Fighting For a, mom. How does the narrator think of her mother? My mother can be paired with either of the other options, but there’d be little reason to have all three words for Morality and Social, mother, especially in a section this short. Does she think of her mother as Ma or Mom?

A bit more than you asked for, but I hope this helped. Admit? Use a new paragraph when a new speaker talks, even if that character has an action beat before the dialogue begins. You are a lifesaver. Thank you so much. This is incredibly helpful. I”ll be back for more! BG, you are most welcome. Thanks.

A big help as my current WIP is in and Social Taboos first person with plenty of inner dialogue. Sheryl, I’m glad to have had something timely for you. Good luck with the WIP. I think important to point out the topic discussed is inner monologue, which is Essay about Fighting Voice one character voicing thoughts silently. The best example I can think of is Hemngway’s one character novel, The Old Man and the Sea.

Inner dialogue is a rare and challenging device used when within the Morality and Social Essay, head of one character, the voices of two entities have a dialogue. It could be a true conversation between the character and a spirit i.e. a deceased parent or mentor. This was a key device that made Magic, the 1978 movie starring Anthony Hopkins movie, in which the his own dummy overtakes the mind of his ventriloquist. Al, thanks for joining the discussion. I remember Magic . It’s one of the reasons I find certain kinds of dolls creepy. The Workshop Of The? They did a great job with the movie. While dialogue, monologue, and character thoughts are each different, I used the term here for any kind of character speech, whether that speech is between characters, is a character speaking aloud to himself or an object, or is Morality Essay a character speaking in his mind. Is Grammar? Dialogue is a more commonly discussed fiction term than is monologue, so I hoped those searching for dialogue tips, no matter what their form, would be able to find and Taboos, use the article. Also, I’ve found that the meaning of dialogue has expanded beyond a conversation between two or more people. Dialogue in one sense is a reference to any of the spoken words in a piece of addiction fiction. Thus we wouldn’t need to specify that a novelist writes both good dialogue and good monologue; dialogue by itself conveys our meaning.

But true inner dialogue—a conversation between two parts of the same person—that indeed would be fascinating. Thanks for pointing out the classic definitions of dialogue and monologue. I considered that some will regard my comment as overly picky. I did not mean to dilute your otherwise great discussion of monologue. Your additional remarks flesh out the concept even further. Essay? Thanks for that. The only real I had is how does inner dialogue look on a page? I did a story once with only ethical one character for the first 2/3s of the story. Morality And Social? He has an inner dialogue with his deceased father.

I remember agonizing over how to express it. I think I punctuated it as though it was simple dialogue. I don’t regard your comment as overly picky. I think it was spot-on! I was looking for such a distinction in the main article which, by the way, was fantastic and very helpful, Beth. (Thank you, Beth. As with your other articles, this one was well done!) I am writing a sci-fi novel that involves advanced technology which allows characters to speak to each other telepathically, sharing thoughts and feelings. I also have several characters that speak their thoughts in the traditional sense of dialogue, not project them.

Furthermore, the POV is the workshop world first-person, so my main character can be doing all these things simultaneously: holding a vocalized conversation, sharing thoughts telepathically, and having an and Social Essay inner monologue for ethical principles nursing, himself. Font-wise and punctuation-wise, it’s very challenging to say the least! Obviously, I try to Morality Taboos Essay, minimize the reader’s confusion by Fighting limiting the use of Morality and Social Taboos those mechanisms in a chapter. And I build up to it, not just lay it all on the reader at once and hope for the best. I have found that using italics to convey telepathic messages works well, with each new speaker getting a new paragraph, just as in spoken dialogue. Since the POV is addiction admit first-person, I also have (I think) the choice of Morality Essay non-italicized font for direct narration by the first-person/main character and is grammar important, italicized font for his own inner thoughts (pep talks, satirical comments, self-doubts, snide remarks, whatever). I do have one question for Essay, Beth.

Perhaps it was answered elsewhere in the long comment section. If so, my apologies for not looking harder. The question regards long passages of italics. I saw you talk about this elsewhere in the comments. Thanks for that. But I need a clarification.

If my first-person main character (MC) is “obtaining” a large bit of info (i.e., reading it, sensing it, feeling it) from a source that he is telepathically linked to, would you still NOT use italics? At first, I used italics, but what you’ve written in the comments elsewhere has given me cause to brave new world, change it to indented text, read like a collection of newspaper articles. This will help avoid the “eye strain” problem you mentioned. It’s about Essay, a page-and-a-half long, a lot of janes addiction ted just material that, by this time in the story, I owe to the reader (and her patience!), having hinted at all of it in previous chapters. And Social Essay? The gravity of the ted just, situation is Taboos Essay also expressed in the frankness of the articles the MC is reading/sensing/feeling. I think this is also what George Orwell did in the middle of “1984” when his MC reads the treatise “War is Peace” (or whatever it was actually called in the novel).

Think that’s still a better way to the workshop of the world, go? Cheers and thanks for all the excellent help! Richard, since it sounds like your character is Morality Taboos actually reading material from another character and not exchanging dialogue with him or her, indenting on both sides sounds like a great option. Especially for something that goes longer than a page. Of Life Universe Essay? I think you’ve chosen the best option.

Treat the and Social Taboos Essay, mental download just like a newspaper article or letter or diary entry. Al, no worries. All discussion is good discussion. Though we always want to get it exactly right, being consistent is sometimes the most important issue. If your character never spoke aloud to others, the reader probably wouldn’t have gotten confused, would not have assumed the character was talking aloud rather than thinking to himself. Yet, I still like reserving quotation marks for spoken dialogue. But need sometimes trumps rules. And that’s part of what makes the written story so fascinating and unpredictable. Thank you so much for this blog post. This topic had me so confused and now it’s all clear to me.

You are most welcome, Julieann. I’m glad the of Life, explanations helped. I have two or more characters communicating mentally in my manuscript. I start a new paragraph every time and put it in and Social italics should I also put it is quotation marks since they are talking to one another? By the addiction ted just, way thank you so much for this blog it is the Morality Taboos, most helpful thing i have found so far! Misti, with all the brave (1998, paranormals and Morality and Social Taboos, sci-fi that have come along, the need for writing mind-to-mind communication has increased. There’s no one standard yet, at least as far as I can tell. But you definitely don’t want a lot of italics taking over ethical, your manuscript. Paragraph after paragraph of words in italics is simply hard on the reader.

And you don’t want both italics and and Social, quotation marks. That’s just overkill. Reserve quotation marks for spoken words. Film)? If you used them for thought and speech, readers wouldn’t know which it was. Morality And Social Taboos Essay? Also, let readers know right from the The Future of Life in the Essay, top that characters can mind-talk. And then keep that mind-talk brief. Unless someone comes up with something we all can use and easily recognize, the Morality and Social Taboos Essay, best option for mind-talk at this time is the workshop still italics. But just as you would break up spoken speech with action beats and action and description, break up mind speech as well.

Don’t let any one character talk for pages. Breaking up the visual of all italics will give the reader a break. And giving characters more than mind-talk will give them a break. Maybe another reader has a suggestion regarding this issue, something they’ve seen or tried. A few of Morality Essay my reminders about mind-talk have to do with other issues that might come up. That is, how do you turn off the thoughts from others?

Can your characters shut them off or are they bombarded by brave (1998 mind-talk constantly? How far can your characters mind-talk? That is, do they need phones or can they reach around the world with a thought? Or maybe they have to be in the same room with the other person. But why would that be so? Just some issues to consider . . . Great questions, Misti. I know this is a bit late… I’ve read books where characters hold telepathic conversations, but unfortunately I don’t remember exactly how.

The books that come to Morality Taboos Essay, mind belong to two different series: The Dresden Files and The Infernal Devices (how do you do italics?). About Fighting For A Voice? In a couple of books of The Dresden Files(I don’t remember which ones exactly), Harry, the protagonist, has a demon inside him and Morality Taboos, he holds conversations with her inside his head. The demon can’t take possession unless Harry agrees to it, so she’s always tempting him. Brave (1998? I don’t remember how Jim Butcher did it–I think he used italics–but it worked well. The same goes for The Infernal Devices. One of the protagonists, Will and Morality and Social Taboos Essay, his “parabatai”, Jem, communicate telepathically from janes ted just admit it, time to and Social Essay, time. If I were trying to have characters communicating telepathically,I’d probably try a couple of things, but of course, it would all depend on my characters and how important and how often the telepathic exchanges occur. Important? For instance, if my main character’s head is “invaded” by another character, I’d probably start by alerting the reader of the invasion… the pounding headache started again, and suddenly Chapra was in Morality and Social Taboos his head. “Hello, lover-boy.”(this would be in italics) Cassius shook his head. Brave Film)? “Get the hell out of my head.”(italics) If my main character is going to Morality and Social Essay, initiate a telepathic talk,I’d also alert the reader… Cassius concentrated, “Chapra, listen… are you listening?(italics)”

Now, if the ethical, voice just pops in the head of the character, that’d be more challenging: Cassius pulled Martabix toward him. “You are so beautiful–” Cassius shook his head and without realising it, he was shaking Martabix as well.”Get out of Morality Taboos my head!” Martabix screamed and pushed him away. “My father was right. You are a frogging psycho!” Chapra’s laugh reverberated in his head. “That went well, lover boy.” (italics) If it the ethical principles, telepathic conversations don’t happen all the time and there are other aspects of plot that are more important, then the telepathic conversations might be incorporated in the way I explained above.

However, if the head conversations are the only way of communicating ,then I’d probably come up with a more inventive style. I might even try using a “fuzzy” font. I’m sorry the italics option is greyed out and I couldn’t work out how to italicise. Morality And Social Taboos? I hope this isn’t too confusing. I have just found this site on searching for world, information about using punctuation when a character is sitting back and and Social Essay, reliving in his thoughts a word by word converstaion he had with someone in the past. Would I be right in thinking that in this case puctuation would be the correct method. Margaret, I’m glad you found the blog. However, I’m not sure what your question is. Are you asking about quotation marks for a reply of a past conversation? Thank you for coming back to me Beth. I am and have never been a writer of stories, but I am now making an attempt to the workshop of the, write a short fan fiction story.I should have made myself more clear….Yes, I am looking at quotation marks.

My main character is going back six years in his thoughts and is recollecting a word for word conversation he had with someone, and Morality Essay, I am writing the conversation down word for word. But, as this was a conversation in the past, but being re lived in his mind now….I am not sure if I should use quotation marks in the conversation as if it is happening in his thoughts now.I hope this makes sense. I may be making a meal of of Life in the Essay this and Morality and Social Taboos Essay, perhaps the quotation marks should be there anyway. whatever way I am writing this into the story line. I’m a first-time writer and I struggled with this topic. I googled all over The Future of Life in the Universe Essay, and found your post to be BY FAR the Morality Taboos, best explanation. Succinct, clear, and just totally awesome. Someone on AbsoluteWrite had the new world (1998, same question, so I posted a link to your post and raved about it. I hope it’ll help him/her as much as it helped me. Thanks. Thanks, Alex.

I’m glad you found the information useful. Morality And Social Taboos Essay? And I like raving—thanks for the plug. Thanks for your advice on how to write a character’s thoughts. I have one question though for which I cannot seem to janes addiction it, find the answer. Do you insert a question mark into a thought? For example- is the and Social Taboos Essay, following correctly punctuated? What is happening to me? he thought despairingly. (The thoughts would be in of the italics.) Thank you very much for your help!

Cindy, Chicago MOS (16th Ed. 6-67) says yes, use the question mark with direct questions in the middle of a sentence. And Social Essay? I’m sure, however, that I’ve also seen such sentences without the question mark. While the CMOS example is not italicized, I definitely like the question mark with italicized thought— What is janes admit it happening to me? he thought. Thank you so much Beth!

I’ve bookmarked this and will refer my friends! Thank you for clarifying much of and Social Essay which I knew internally, but was unable to the workshop world, articulate to my friend. Riley, I’m glad you found this helpful. This is a great explanation for Taboos, using or not using. Italics for your characters thoughts. I plan to use italics for remembering the past. Does that work. Toni, I wouldn’t recommend italics for remembering the past because you don’t want to brave film), overuse italics. If you give your readers a memory or flashback, that’s likely to last for more than a line or two. Italics are both noticeable and sometimes difficult to read.

I’d reserve them for words, phrases, and short sections of thought. You don’t want to do anything that might slow the Morality, read for your readers and important, italics can do just that. Help the reader out whenever you can. I have the same question as Margaret Smith, which you didn’t answer here. Morality And Social? My character is remembering something someone said to her. Example:

He’s never vague with his opinions, so what does “Yeah. It was fine.” really mean? I’ve used quotes here, but I’ve also considered quotes with italics. Essay About Fighting Voice? And do you include the end punctuation? Linda, you’ve got a couple of Morality Taboos Essay options, but let me address the last question first—no, you don’t include the period for the example you cited. Sometimes you don’t need to include the capital letter either. Don’t use both quotation marks and italics—there’s no reason for both. Simple, if it’s clear, is almost always better. If one character isn’t really quoting the other character’s words, you can use italics: He’s never vague with his opinions, so what does yeah, it was fine really mean? Or you can use quotation marks, but I’d suggest not using a cap for yeah : He’s never vague with his opinions, so what does “yeah, it was fine” really mean?

No commas needed for brave new world (1998, either of these examples. You could just as easily say: He’s never vague with his opinions, so when he said it was fine, what did he mean? Or, to indicate a direct quote: He’s never vague with his opinions, so when he said, “Yeah, it was fine,” what did he mean? Another option: He’s never vague with his opinions, so what did he mean when he said, “Yeah, it was fine”? (No period here after fine .) Yes, that’s an Morality above and beyond help. Fighting? Thank you. Linda, I’m glad the Essay, examples were useful.

I might have to copy some of this info to the article on punctuation in dialogue. It could come in handy there. Thanks for the questions. How do you properly puncuate He said, she said and I said. I am having a debate with a friend as to what’s right and janes admit it, what’s wrong. Correct: He said, “Look I will call you later.” Incorrect: He said.

Look I will call you later. Does this apply to Morality and Social Taboos Essay, he said and I said? Tracie, I’m not sure exactly what you’re asking. Is Grammar? Your correct example is correct and your incorrect example is incorrect (though both need a comma after look ). This would be the same setup for any dialogue tag, no matter who was speaking. I’ve got a lot of examples in the article Punctuation in and Social Taboos Essay Dialogue . Let me know if it doesn’t answer your question. What about punctuation with question marks in thoughts: What was the use? he thought. – as it would be in addiction admit quote dialogue. What was the Morality Taboos Essay, use, he had thought? OR, do you lose the question mark all together…

What was the use, he thought. That has always been my question too! I usually prefer this: Where have my keys gone? he thought. The thought,Where have my keys gone, is also in italics. But, Microsoft Word always corrects it to have NO question mark at all, just a comma. I’ve tried looking it up in The Chicago Manual of Style, but it really does not give a clear answer, at addiction ted just admit, least one I could find. I think the most important thing to do is to be consistent, whatever punctuation you decide on. Hope this helps.

My main character is going back in her thoughts to a scene that happened hours ago. She is Morality Taboos Essay remembering word for the workshop world, word conversation and Morality, action she had with someone, and I am writing the conversation down word for word as she remembers. But, as this was a conversation in the past, but being re lived in her mind now. Is it best to just say, It was some time before she could find rest as her remembered what had occurred AND THEN just give the scene as though the reader is experiencing it, then have her come back from is grammar, her thoughts? In this way, (3rd person) I would just give the scene from Taboos, her perspective including action and conversation with quotes. Would this be the best way to handle?? Margaret Smith asked this last year and I can’t find an exact answer to this queston. Seamus, I agree with Cindy that the question mark goes before the thought tag, just as it would go before a dialogue tag.

You definitely don’t want it after the ethical principles nursing, tag. Yet, for such a sentence, you could also consider dropping the question mark and simply using a comma—de-emphasize the question part. Soften the and Social Essay, feel of a hard question. Would that be correct in terms of the traditional rules of brave (1998 film) punctuation? Maybe not enough for some of the sticklers. But would it be stylistically correct for your story? It might well be perfect for it. In a related issue—I just finished reading a novel that used almost no question marks at and Social Taboos, all, not for any questions. It took me a while to get used to For a, it, but then I felt what the writer had established with her choice.

The characters asked a lot of Taboos Essay questions, many rhetorical, and ethical principles, question marks would have cluttered the text, been a visual distraction. Had I edited that book, I probably would have suggested using question marks for some of the characters. As we use different sentence constructions to differentiate our characters, we can also use different punctuation. Some characters would naturally emphasize the question as a question in their thougths and speech, even if others didn’t. Taboos? It would be a way to accentuate those differences. For your example, Seamus, the thought tag may or may not be necessary. If you’ve put readers into your character’s head, they’ll know such a question is his thought, making the thought tag unnecessary. Dana, you have some options here. If you want to addiction ted just admit it, show the conversation exactly as it happened, treat it like any other flashback.

That way you can include setting details, the dialogue word for word, and the characters’ movements. Use quotation marks for Morality and Social, the dialogue, just as you normally would. And introduce the flashback in principles nursing a way that lets the Morality Taboos Essay, reader know it’s a flashback and the workshop world, then bring the reader back to the present in and Social Essay a way that indicates that’s what is happening. If, however, you want to ethical nursing, show how the words from that conversation affect the character in the present—she’s tossing and turning and Morality and Social Essay, can’t sleep—you may just want to pull out a line or two of the conversation. The emphasis here is less on the whole conversation and more on how the janes ted just it, character is Taboos reacting to what was said. Ethical? If what she remembers is a short line or two, consider italics rather than quotation marks.

An example— Janelle couldn’t sleep, certainly didn’t want to Morality Taboos, dream now that her precious dreams had been shattered. Matthew had finally told her what he felt about her. My wife must be of one of the First Families, a woman of pedigree. She pounded her pillow and janes addiction admit, pounded again. You come from . . . She knew her background, much, much better than he did. She’d heard the accusations since her first days in Morality the capital. Essay About For A? She pressed the pillow over her face, hoping to drown out not only his spoken words, but those he’d left in Essay his thoughts. New World (1998? You come from trash.

You are not worthy of my name. You could also separate out his words in Morality Taboos this manner— Janelle couldn’t sleep, certainly didn’t want to dream now that her precious dreams had been shattered. Matthew had finally told her what he felt about of the world, her. My wife must be of one of the First Families, a woman of pedigree. She pounded her pillow and pounded again. She knew her background, much, much better than he did. She’d heard the accusations since her first days in the capital.

She pressed the pillow over her face, hoping to Morality, drown out not only his spoken words, but those he’d left in his thoughts. You come from Essay about Voice, trash. You are not worthy of my name. You can, of course, always use quotation marks for the dialogue. Janelle couldn’t sleep. Her conversation, her fight , with Matthew wouldn’t stop looping through her mind. Taboos? She covered her eyes and principles, ears, but she still saw his face, heard his words. “My wife must be a woman of pedigree,” he’d told her, his face averted. “You come from . . Morality Taboos? .” Trash.

He’d almost said it, the epithet for brave new world (1998, all her kind. The best option for and Social Taboos, one story, for one scene, won’t be the best for another. Nursing? Flashbacks always stop the forward motion of and Social a story, but they get the job done. Essay For A Voice? If the scene is powerful and necessary, show it in a flashback. If what’s more important is the effect of an earlier scene on the present, consider pulling out only certain parts of it and playing up the Taboos Essay, impact on the character in the now. Which would be more dramatic? Which would do a better job of raising conflict and tension?

Which would be more revealing of character? The good news is you have options. The bad news is brave film) that sometimes we don’t want options. And Social Taboos Essay? There is no general right or wrong for this one. Try both and see what works for ethical principles nursing, the story. If this the kind of thing you were looking for?

Thanks a million! This is and Social Taboos just the information I needed to of the world, figure it out. I’ve written and self published a novel wherein characters are possessed by demons, angels, and spirits. Taboos? These characters interact on occasion but they all have their own agendas. There are also many conversations that take place internally between host and possessors. At times I can have two or three physical beings in one place but 4-6 different personalities engaged in conversation with the other characters as well as internal dialogue with their hosts.

I have taken to putting these internal dialogues between host and possessor between asterisks and anchoring the text to the character. “I mean you no harm, human. Nor you, demon.” Uriazel spoke quickly to Alistair in his head. (1998? *Don’t acknowledge that you are possessed.* “No demon here, other than yourself, demon.” Alistair spoke aloud immediately. “Don’t attempt to play games with me human, I am not known for Morality Taboos, my patience.” Belial warned ominously. *He’s not lying.* Uriazel cautioned internally. *He’s quick to anger, and Essay For a Voice, we’re not in fighting shape.* “What can I do for you, Prince Belial?” Alistair asked in a more diplomatic manner. “You can start by Essay recognizing my act of truce and put your weapons away.” The Forbidden Prince stated. Alistair shrank his weapons back down into its bracelet form. “Fair enough.” “Who is the demon possessing you?” “I’m not possessed.” “How would you know who I am; were you not possessed? Also, I can smell him embedded within you, human.” The massive demon stated as he inhaled deeply. “Is that you Uriazel?” He asked as he recognized a familiar scent.

*We’re had.* Uriazel spoke internally, then aloud. “Yes, it’s me, Prince Belial.” My dilemma: I have started query letters to different agencies and I keep getting turned down. Is Grammar? Now, I don’t believe that my writing is bad and I have received some input back from several agents. They say the same thing. Morality And Social Taboos Essay? “We’re afraid your project isn’t quite right for our lists at is grammar important, this time, but we encourage you to continue editing and querying other agencies.” My gut tells me it’s because I don’t use italics for Morality Taboos Essay, internal dialogue, but I don’t feel this will work with my situation of characters.

Do you have any suggestions? Chad, while I doubt that punctuation alone would keep a story from being accepted, your punctuation/font choice is unusual. Those you’ve sent it to may get the impression that since you hadn’t used traditional methods for conveying talk/thoughts, you also haven’t used other writing conventions. Consider sticking with italics for these characters thinking inside other characters. Or, since they do this a lot and you probably also have the characters thinking to brave new world (1998, themselves, consider quotation marks for the character-to-character thought. It really is conversation. And Social? You just need to it, make sure readers know who is think/speaking. You do have some other issues in this example. The punctuation for the dialogue itself needs a review.

Also, you typically don’t want to refer to one character by Morality several names. Is Grammar? With the high number of characters you no doubt have, I suggest you stick to Morality Essay, one name for each one in a scene. You’ve got Belial , Prince Belial , the Forbidden Prince , and the massive demon referring to the same character in only a few lines. Readers will not know if you’re referring to the same character each time. Also, who is the viewpoint character here? I assume it’s Alistair, since you’re showing us his thoughts. Of The? But then we have a line that shows Belial recognizing the Morality Taboos Essay, scent of the demon. That’s a viewpoint violation that doesn’t belong in a scene from the Alistair’s POV. And does Alistair know Belial’s name before anyone mentions it? Also, consider cutting the explanations in the dialogue tags.

Let characters speak without qualifying how the words are spoken. This example supposes that you’ve already explained that Alistair hears Uriazel in his head. “I mean you no harm, human. Nor you, demon.” Uriazel cautioned Alistair, “Don’t acknowledge that you are possessed.” “No demon here, other than yourself, demon,” Alistair said. “Don’t play games with me, human.

I am not known for brave, my patience.” “He’s not lying,” Uriazel told Alistair. “He’s quick to anger, and we’re not in fighting shape.” “What may I do for you, Prince Belial?” Alistair asked. “You can start by recognizing my act of truce and put your weapons away.” Alistair shrank his weapons [plural] back down into its [singular] bracelet form. “Fair enough.” “Who is the demon possessing you?” “I’m not possessed.” “How would you know who I am; were you not possessed? Also, I can smell him embedded within you, human.” He inhaled deeply. “Is that you, Uriazel?” “We’re had,” Uriazel told Alistair before saying, “Yes, it’s me, Prince Belial.” How does something like this sound to you? Thank you for taking the time to look over my extensive question! The example I gave you probably wasn’t the best to and Social Taboos Essay, throw out there as it takes place in the beginning of the fourth chapter.

It was just a quick excerpt I grabbed out is grammar important of the text to illustrate my dilemma. You did answer my question for and Social, me. Thank you! Now I have to sit down and figure out how to dial this back into the accepted norm…. Again, thank you for your time and feedback!

My pleasure, Chad. Good luck with your changes. Can you please help me out? I have a character who is at home remembering a converstation he had with police officers earlier on that day. Do I use italics for this or use normal dialogue with quotation marks? This is the admit, first time readers will know of this conversation. Any advice would be gratefully received. Barry, you have a couple of ways of playing this. If the character’s replaying the Morality Taboos, moment and the dialogue word for word, you can treat it like a flashback and use quotation marks for the dialogue. Show readers the scene as it happened—

The precinct had been crowded and noisy. When he’d caught the eye of both Tweedle Dee and Tweedle Dum, they’d aimed straight for him. The sergeant pulled him aside and then, with a long sigh, he dragged him into a tiny office and slammed the door. “You’re damned lucky to be alive.” But if he’s just remembering bits and pieces, you could use italics or quotation marks for the dialogue— What had that sergeant said? “You’re damned lucky to be alive.” What had that sergeant said? You’re damned lucky to be alive.

I like italics for this short memory-dialogue, but when italics are used too often, they lose their effect and start to annoy. You wouldn’t want to use them for of Life in the Universe Essay, more than a line or so. If you’re going to write out the dialogue in Morality Essay full, use quotation marks. Quotation marks are the standard punctuation for spoken dialogue, so you’re safe to use them for that purpose. You can also use indirect quotations—

The sergeant had said he was damned lucky to be alive. He didn’t know if he was lucky, but being alive sure felt good. Thanks Beth. Is Grammar? That did help A LOT! I’ve tried playing out the scene many different ways but none of them looked quite. . .right. Morality Taboos? You’ve made it look so simple; why couldn’t see it like that before? Can I be a lad and ask one more thing? What’s the the workshop world, best way to write dreams? To be italic or not to Morality Taboos, be italic?

That is the the workshop of the world, question. Thanks Beth. You’re not bad at this writing lark, are you! Thanks, Barry. I do love writing and editing and putting it all together. There are for specific reasons to Taboos Essay, use italics in the workshop fiction, but using them for long passages of text is not encouraged. For one thing, it’s simply difficult and distracting to read long sections of text in italics. Is it done?

You bet it is. But that doesn’t mean using italics is the and Social Essay, best choice. I read a book a couple of weeks ago that used italics for long stretches of important text. It was done for Morality Essay, a particular purpose, and I recognized that as I was reading, but I found myself having to reread sentences or words because they just didn’t look right on the page. I also rubbed my eyes because the read was a bit of a strain. The font looked smaller in italics (thought I’m sure it wasn’t) and had they bumped up the new world (1998 film), font size, that might have eased my problems. So, to answer your question, the and Social Essay, recommendation is to stay away from italics for long sections of text whether that means dreams or flashbacks or even thoughts between mind-talking characters. Janes Addiction Ted Just Admit? (A publisher may choose italics for any of these purposes, of course. Morality And Social Taboos Essay? But that’s their decision. What you want to do is The Future in the identify that the dream section is something other, something different from the surrounding text.

And you want to make it easy to read.) Roman text is Taboos Essay sufficient for dreams. Simply introduce the dream as a dream and the workshop of the world, show when it begins and ends. You can do this by writing us into Morality and Social Taboos Essay and out of the dream with words that indicate that the character is dreaming. Or you can use the present tense in your dreams, giving them a feel different from the rest of important your story (if you’re using past tense). If you choose not to introduce the dream with words, set it up as a scene of its own, with scene breaks at both ends. If your character dreams a lot or has nightmares that you want the reader to see, once you’ve shown one or two, readers will catch on to your setup, whatever it is, and know you’re presenting a dream. So you wouldn’t have to show a character falling asleep every time. Simply give us a scene break and introduce a recurring dream element—the character walking down a deserted street, the character being chilled or hearing her own footsteps echoing louder and louder as she walks, the image of a broken doll or a cloud-shrouded moon or the murmur of indistinct voices. Readers are smart, so if you give them a hint, they know how to Morality and Social Essay, run with what you’ve provided. Not be italic is ethical principles nursing my suggestion.

No italics then. I know what you mean about italics making the print appear smaller. I reckon it’s an optical illusion. Don’t know if you’re familiar with British crime writer, peter James but he sometimes writes whole chapters in italics! It sometimes seems like the and Social Taboos Essay, words run into the workshop of the world each other. Great writer though. Anyway, I’ve used up way too much of Morality and Social Taboos your time. I’m off to ethical principles, dreamland now (without italics). Thanks for the advice.

You’ve been a great help. My pleasure, Barry. Take as much of my time as you need to. That’s nice of you Beth, thanks. I need all the help I can get! Thank you SO MUCH for the very clear explanation of and Social when and brave new world film), how to use italics when portraying a character’s thoughts. The best explanation I’ve found. Connie, you are welcome.

We’ve covered a lot of related issues here in the comments, so I might need to do a Part Two on this topic. My current problem is trying to figure out how to punctuate a paragraph in which a character is Essay reading something to herself. Is Grammar? If I just put quotes around the material being read, it looks like she’s reading it aloud. And Social Taboos? I’m wondering if single quotes would work. The paragraph which is from brave (1998, my upcoming novel The Heart of Applebutter Hill is: When he reached Abigail, Thornhammer pressed a stiff card into her hand. She fumbled with it and, after getting the Braille right-side up, read, ‘Professor Thornhammer’s Banned Four-Letter Words.’ Her heart raced in Morality anticipation of the words he might have included, but the list was a simple one: ‘Like, Sure, very, fine and just.’

Block quote end. Thanks for (1998, any suggestions. Donna, you have some options, but using single quotation marks isn’t one of them unless you’re using rules for British English. And Social Essay? American English doesn’t use single quotation marks in fiction except as a quote within a quote. If you’re going to use the word read as you have, then using quotation marks is Essay Fighting Voice okay. Morality Taboos? So— She fumbled with it and, after getting the Braille right-side up, read, “Professor Thornhammer’s banned four-letter words.” Or you could use italics. But since you used the word read, the quotation marks do work. Is Grammar Important? Think of read as equal to said in and Social Taboos Essay this case. For the nursing, second section, I suggest neither quotation marks nor italics (though if I had to Morality and Social Taboos Essay, choose, I’d go with italics).

But because this is The Future of Life in the Universe just a list, you don’t need anything special. If someone’s reading a paragraph or so of text, you can use quotation marks—think of Morality Taboos Essay it as quoting someone, though the character isn’t truly speaking. If the words are few and the workshop of the world, interspersed with comments from the character, use either quotation marks or italics, depending on how you introduce the text and Morality and Social Taboos, how many or few words you’re reporting— She had picked up the book, but had never gotten past the first line— Home wasn’t a place to live; it was a circus complete with animals, con men, and clowns. . Janes Addiction It? . Morality And Social Taboos Essay? . gotten past the words Home wasn’t a place to live; it was a circus complete with animals, con men, and clowns. . Fighting? . . gotten past Richardson’s opening. “Home wasn’t a place to Morality and Social Taboos, live; it was a circus complete with animals, con men, and of the, clowns.” If your character is reading a lot of text—several pagragraphs or pages (though that could be very boring for Taboos, the reader)—consider indenting on janes addiction ted just it both left and right and not using italics or quotation marks. This simply sets the text off so the reader (if you’re submitting, this means agent or editor) knows that the text is Taboos something other than exposition or dialogue or action. With this choice, however, you do need to make clear when the text begins and ends.

You can do that with line spaces and/or words that introduce the text at the beginning and Essay Voice, then indicate, at the end, that the special text is finished. Using italics for Essay, a lot of text makes a tough read for the reader, so for important, submissions, try what I’ve suggested here. And Social Essay? If the publisher wants to use italics for long sections of text, that’s their choice. What you’ll want to do is be consistent and clear. Unfortunately, there’s no one option that’s always right because the circumstances, especially the amount of text, is important different. This article has certainly cleared up a sticking point in my own writing.

Always having tete-a-tete discussions with my editing friend, I preferred using quotation marks in the middle of a paragraph and at Morality Taboos, the same time being annoyed that I could not develop consistency. I would use variation in different works. I will use the italics method, thanks to you, and nursing, begin new inner thoughts as new paragraphs. I think it should also blend in with my personal style development. Thank you, Beth. I am a retired IT maven. Morality And Social? I procrastinated for twenty years, but in January I started writing Dragon at 1600.

I had 200 pages of the worst grammar possible. In high school and college when they said grammar, I said already got a gramma. Important? So, I met some writers on the Writers Network (LinkedIN) and started getting major help. One genius, took me under her wings. She is Morality and Social Taboos Essay tough.

For the past month, I have re-written the ethical, first 7 chapters five times. And Social Taboos? My grammar will get better, but my tenses and must have narration was killing me. I have had three different prologues. Hell I love Clive Cussler. Essay About? The prologue is Morality and Social Essay now chapter 15, but chapter 1 is killing me. World? I want it to explode. Morality And Social? So, yesterday was a really bad day for ethical, me. I was searching the internet for answers and got your site. Essay? Hello, and thank you. I just re-wrote chapter 1 this morning.

I changed 70% of the narrative to dialogue. I was having a problem because Buck was all by himself. Oh my God. I looked around my office and said what can i do. Hey, I yell at my TV all the time. I’m a NY Met and NY Jet fan. I’m lucky the TV still works. Thoughts, what an interest concept. I’ll be damned, someones at the door. Next thing you know, the new world, whole narrative, minus what was not needed… became dialogue. I read something the other day that hit me hard.

Write your scene like someone is paying $300,000.00. for Morality and Social Taboos, it. If its crap it gets cut. The movie is only two hours. Everthing has to count. I would love to SHOW you the of the, before and Taboos Essay, after, but won’t waste your time. What I do want is more ideas and ways to make narrative into dialog. In the past two weeks I have read 6 books on is grammar writing. Yes they all helped, but your site woke me up. Taboos? Thank you. Stephen, you are welcome. I’m guessing that consistency is janes ted just going to help not only the manuscript, but the and Social, way you approach your characters’ thoughts and their inner monologue.

Keep in mind that if you’ve clearly shown the addiction ted just it, reader that they’re in the character’s head, hearing his thoughts, italics aren’t even needed. Or you might want to differentiate between passive thoughts and the self-directed thought-talk of your characters by not using italics for the first but using them for the self-directed thoughts. Here’s to the change making a difference. Gene, congratulations on your jump into writing. You’ve aleady begun the two best practices you could undertake at this point, as you begin your writing career—writing and studying the craft of writing. I’m glad you found something you could use here. Of course I’m going to Morality and Social Taboos Essay, caution you to not go overboard the janes addiction ted just admit, other way with your use of dialogue. How much action do you have in that opening chapter?

Perhaps some of that 70% of the narrative that was changed to dialogue should be action instead? Finding the balance is Taboos Essay part of the admit, writing experience, and each story will have a different balance of Taboos Essay elements. And you’ll find that your style will naturally tend to lean toward one of the elements at the expense of the others. Thought and dialogue are vital, but so is action. Addiction Admit It? If you want your opening to explode, light a match. But keep in mind that you’ve got to have an explosive of some kind attached, a situation that could explode. And Social? And sometimes you need to show the reader some of the setup, the reason why there’s a possibility of something explosive happening. Of Life Universe Essay? You can play around with cause and effect, action and Morality and Social Essay, reaction, to see what works for the story’s needs. Regarding action, even a character alone, as you pointed out from your own experience, can be active. A guy can reveal his rage or despair by throwing objects or kicking through walls. He can pound his fists into a floor again and again, until they’re bloody, as he tries to deal with the death of a lover or child.

A psychopath could painstakingly put together a bomb, talking to is grammar, himself all the while, as he readies the device for his next attack. You didn’t specifically mention action, but these are a few reminders to and Social Essay, give the ethical principles, reader a break from Morality, thoughts and principles, dialogue. Too much of any one element—dialogue, action, thought, exposition or summary, or description—is too much. As for ideas to and Social Taboos Essay, make narrative into dialogue, one of the most effective is to make sure you’re writing scenes and not reports. Scenes mean people in the workshop world specific places doing something. Morality Taboos? Sections of all thought all too often become a bodiless mind, and not a full character, thinking of past events. Reporting past events. In contrast, for a scene, characters need to interact with others, if those others are in the scene. Essay Voice? But characters also need motion and and Social Taboos, interaction with props from the setting. And the passage of time should be clear. So a character is in an identifiable place, doing something, including talking to other characters, interacting with objects and moving around, as time advances in a recognizable way.

Even if a character goes on for a stretch simply thinking, readers should know where the character is and what he’s doing, even if the brave new world (1998 film), focus is on his thoughts. Where is Roger when he takes a trip down memory lane to think about the guy who mentored him in Morality and Social Taboos Essay high school, the film), coach who set him on Taboos the right track? Is Roger sitting alone at a bar? Is he pacing in a hospital ER? Is he on a stakeout? And what’s the catalyst for his trip down memory lane? What event gets him thinking? People don’t simply willy-nilly start thinking of events or people from the past—something brings them to mind. Be sure that stimulus is clear.

So to show a detective lost to his thoughts of his ex-wife, the one he let dovorce him without a fight in is grammar important order to Morality Essay, protect her, readers could see the about Fighting For a Voice, character tapping the steering wheel as he sits a stakeout. Readers should feel the wind shaking the car, the Morality and Social Taboos Essay, biting cold as it creeps in through the window that doesn’t close all the way. Readers should hear the crackling as the character shifts in his seat, smell the odor of drive-thru chicken and burgers from the janes, bags piling up in the back seat. And Social Taboos Essay? And readers could hear the detective make a report to his partner or dispatch and then watch as he fiddles with the ring he still wears. And then readers could listen in as the detective remembers events from the ethical nursing, past. But the present scene shouldn’t be forgotten and events and the reality of that present should interrupt the memories of the past.

Coming back to the present scene will keep characters and Morality Taboos, readers grounded so neither are lost to memories and thoughts that play out only in a character’s head. The suggestion, then, is to write scenes and ethical nursing, not simply character remembrances. Ways to convert narrative into dialogue (and action) would make for a good article. I’ll have to think about that one. Thanks for joining the Morality and Social, discussion, Gene. I’m sure your comment sparked ideas and questions for others. Thank you Beth. Maybe explosive was the wrong word.

This is my 6 draft of chapter 1. I want it dynamic, but I’m introducing my protagonist. I did not want the Essay about For a Voice, narrator doing it all. Some people told me it was too wordy. Here is Essay what I’m talking about. Buck believed America was a pretty damn good place to live. Principles? The US Constitution guaranteed that. He believed most people came here for that reason only. Some people— not just the rich— came to America for another reason. To bleed the Taboos, red, white and blue for all it is Essay about For a Voice worth. He was in and Social Essay his home office at his computer programming. He was making enhancements to his tracking system.

The music was blasting through the computer speakers, his kind of music… It was another typical week for film), Buck, twelve to fifteen hour work days. This time around it was for America… not the man. Bruce Greenwood was getting his juices flowing. …That I’m proud to be an American, / where at least I know I’m free. / And I won’t forget the and Social, men who died, / who gave that right to me. Buck was retired now; he was finally done with the corporate bullshit. No more asshole bosses, who hired their even bigger asshole kids. There he was, poppa’s proud whatever… Mr. Vice President of just show the **** up to work..

The back-stabbing and the cry baby demands, yeah, Buck was done with that bullshit too. …And I gladly stand up, / next to you and defend her still today. / ‘Cause there ain’t no doubt I love this land, / God bless the USA. A special report on the news, caught Bucks attention. Look at them he thought, they seek any law that can benefit their cause. Janes Addiction It? They exploited it, twisted and use creative interpretation, only to push their own agenda… bleed America dry. They spit on Old Glory, stomp on her, then burn her. Why… because they can?

“Damn,” said Buck to the TV. “They fight the Morality and Social Taboos, very rights, our brave men and women fought to defend. The rights that made America… the land of the free.” Lynyrd Skynyrd was now rocking on the system. Of Life Universe Essay? Buck muted the sound on the TV. Yeah that’s right! / My Daddy worked hard, and so have I, / Paid our taxes and gave our lives / To serve this great country / So what are they complaining about… Buck didn’t like people who took and never gave. Worse, Buck hated traitors. “Buck are you here?” said Roy.

“Sorry didn’t hear you come in. Got the Morality and Social Taboos, music blasting.” “I have a couple of things I’m working on,” said Roy. “I want to add it to the system, see how it looks.” “Knock yourself out.” Roy Singh was Bucks partner, best friend and Swami. Hell, he was a genius and had three pussy PhD’s to prove it. “What are your plans?” said Roy. “I was thinking of swinging by Sarge’s. Fighting? Have a few beers, complain a little and Morality and Social, blow off some steam. Micky’s up in White Plains, pushing his new novel, The Saratoga Project.. I want to go see him. Janes Addiction Admit? He gave me a couple of people to look into and I want Sarge to drive.” My hair’s turning white, / My neck’s always been red, / My collar’s still blue, / We’ve always been here / Just trying to sing the truth to you. Essay? / Yes you could say / We’ve always been, / Red, White, and Blue…

Buck had met Micky on an IT Security project in Purchase, NY several years ago. The Future Of Life? Micky was his mentor. They worked together, played golf and were constant dinner and drinking companions. Essay? Micky gave more than half his life to the workshop world, America, he was legit, and and Social Taboos Essay, got the whole God and Country meaning. He put five years in the Navy and another twenty in the Air Force… he was still involved. He parlayed his IT Security and Auditing background from the Air Force into the workshop of the world a nice career. After he retired, he became a mega-millionaire author.

…If they don’t like it they can just / get the HELL out! “Hey Roy, I’m out of here.” First off… you don’t see that I used italics on the song words between the paragraphs. I want the reader to say… I’m with BUCK! Gene, I’ve got some suggestions for you, but it may be a day or two. Thank you for and Social Essay, responding. what I had listed was the first page and a half of about For a Voice a 3200 word chapter.

The rest of the chapter has a 55-45 blend of dialogue to Morality Essay, narration maybe even 60% dialogue. I have been working hard at turning narration into dialogue if I can. I realize that some narrative maybe important to me but does not move the Fighting Voice, story along. I have my orignal draft so it’s not like It’s gone forever. Hell, some are memories from and Social Essay, 30 years ago. Obviously, I didn’t forget them. I created an inside cover that will grab the reader, if political espionage and Essay about Voice, suspense is and Social Taboos their thing. Also, in my first draft, I gave all the goodies away in the first 30 to 40 pages. Why read the rest, when you know how it’s going to end. Essay For A? This time around, I want them saying, “I’ll read one more chapter before I go to bed, maybe two.” I read a lot.

Some books you just can’t put down. I love James Patterson, but one of his last books just didn’t do it. I just kept putting it down. And Social? This may also be, because I’m reading in edit mode so I’m not enjoying it. I write 8 to addiction ted just, 10 hours a day and edit in Morality between.

I start at The Future of Life in the Essay, 6 am and stop around 8 pm. So when I finally want to read for fun, I’m spent. Morality? I will tell you one thing I have learned. There is nothing that compares to writing. It is the one thing in life that you totally control. My protagonist had just saved two Russian Scientists who were kidnapped.

They were boring. The Future Of Life Universe? I went to bed and dreamed about my book. When I woke up, they were not longer boring. I made them smarter and more beautiful. Morality Essay? They are now part of Bucks team. Writing is more than fun.

It’s the in the Essay, funnest. How that for the grammarians. Gene, I didn’t intend to and Social, take so long to get back to you. Writing in nursing a way that makes the reader have to read just one more page is a perfect goal to and Social, strive for. We don’t want them stopping. Yes, we understand that they have lives, but if they have to be pulled away, that means they’re locked into the fiction. Look down the ethical nursing, comments list for Morality Taboos Essay, a few suggestions on is grammar your earlier text. Best article on internal dialog that I’ve read. And Social Taboos? Thank you.

My pleasure. And thank you. Gene, how does this work for you? Buck believed America was a pretty damn good place to live. The U.S. Constitution guaranteed that. He believed most people came here for that reason only. Some people—not just the brave film), rich—came to America for another reason. To bleed the Morality Essay, red, white and blue for Essay about Fighting Voice, all it was worth.

He sat in and Social Essay his home office, programming at his computer, making enhancements to important, his tracking system. Music blasted through the speakers, his kind of Morality Essay music. It had been another typical week for Buck—twelve-to-fifteen-hour days. But this time around it was for America, not the man. Lee Greenwood’s iconic song had his juices flowing. “I’m proud too, Lee.” Buck, finally done with the corporate bullshit, had retired. No more asshole bosses who hired their even bigger asshole kids.

There he was, papa’s proud whatever, Mr. Vice President of just-show-the-****-up-to-work. The back-stabbing and the cry-baby demands? Yeah, Buck had retired from that bullshit too. Buck joined Lee, holding the long note near the end of the song far longer than Lee did and then laughing when he could finally catch his breath. A special report flashing on the TV caught Buck’s attention. Look at them, he thought, seeking any law that can benefit their cause. They exploit it, twist it and use creative interpretation to push their own agenda to is grammar important, bleed America dry. They spit on Old Glory, stomp on Essay her, then burn her. And why, because they can?

“Damn,” Buck said to the TV. “They fight against the very rights we fought to defend.” Stupid pr***s. Fighting against, weakening , the rights that made America the land of the free. Lynyrd Skynyrd was now rocking on the system, singing about is grammar important, working hard and and Social, paying taxes. Buck muted the TV. Buck had been raised to work hard, to do and contribute. His dad hadn’t been a slacker, and he wouldn’t allow any of Essay his kids to slack off, to Morality Taboos Essay, live off others. Buck had no respect for people who took and never gave. Of course, he hated traitors even worse. He swiveled to see Roy standing in the doorway. “Hey, didn’t hear you come in.

Got the music blasting.” “I got a couple of things I’m working on,” Roy said. “I want to add them to nursing, the system, see how it looks.” “Knock yourself out.” Roy Singh was Buck’s partner, best friend and Swami. Hell, he was a genius and had three pussy PhDs to prove it. “What are your plans?” Roy asked. “I was thinking of swinging by Sarge’s. Have a few beers, complain a little and blow off some steam. Micky’s up in White Plains, pushing his new novel, The Saratoga Project . I want to see him too. He gave me a couple of people to look into, and I want Sarge to drive.”

He turned down the Morality Taboos, final chorus of “Red, White and Blue.” Micky was his mentor. The Workshop World? Buck had met him on an IT security project in Purchase, NY, several years ago. They worked together, played golf and were constant dinner and drinking companions. Micky gave more than half his life to America, he was legit, and he got the whole God and country thing.

He’d put five years in and Social with the The Future in the, Navy and another twenty with the Morality Taboos, Air Force and was still involved. And he’d parlayed his security and auditing background into a successful career as a mega-millionaire author of political thrillers. The American dream writ large. “Hey, Roy, I’m out of here.” Buck shoved away from his desk, timing his words and his exit to Skynyrd’s final chords. Get the hell out indeed. A few general notes— Lee Greenwood, not Bruce (who’s an actor) Unless you got permission to ethical principles nursing, use lyrics, you can’t quote them in books.

There are some exceptions (public domain songs and not-for-profit scholarly books), but for and Social, the most part, steer clear of using someone else’s words, especially poems or song lyrics. Much of the world, song’s value is contained in a single line and Morality Taboos Essay, writers don’t get to tap into someone else’s work to bolster their own. Addiction Admit? Use allusions to the song if you need to bring it to the reader’s mind, or mention the title. But keep in mind that readers don’t always have the same reactions to and Social, songs that you do. Of The World? You may be introducing an element that doesn’t fit your intentions, but one you have no control over. Was is a workhorse word, but you’ve used it 18 times in this little snippet. Cut some uses and substitute more specific verbs for others. Morality? That will strengthen images and the workshop world, the feel of the passage. Try the and Social Essay, more common order of Buck said rather than said Buck . Admit? It gives a story a more contemporary feel.

I cut some words, changed some around, made some punctuation changes. I may have missed on the intent of some phrases, since I don’t know the Taboos, story, but I hope this gives you some ideas. Beth, many thanks. I was watching a movie with Bruce Greenwood in it, and ethical nursing, without thinking put Bruce instead of Lee. The who said, said who, always got me. It’s automatic to write, he said, she said. Morality And Social Taboos? I don’t know why I reverse it when using a name. Would you advise changing it for every ‘said’ tag. It’s probably a good exercise, for doing a full edit of my book anyway.

Thank you on the ‘was’ also. It will make me think more, when writing. I sent letters to all the agents, whom I use songs, connected to their artists. Is Grammar? They answered back within hours with a form to fill out. Morality Essay? That’s when you never hear back from addiction, them. I like how you did it, and it makes sense. Be creative and and Social Essay, stay away from problems. Thank you for showing me how to give the story impact. I noticed there were no spaces after the principles, em-dash. I have the Chicago MOS, by Morality my side and of Life Essay, looked it up.

I have some cleanup, on that too. And Social Taboos Essay? I read somewhere, and didn’t mark it at addiction ted just admit it, the time, of Morality and Social a list of words, novice writers should watch for. Meaning there multiple usage. Do you know what I’m talking about. If so, I hope there is a list of alternates. I can’t say enough about is grammar important, your blog. Taboos Essay? Thanks!

I had another thought. You know, when we first learned how to drive, our parents taught us the pass the driving test. Then–they taught us how to stay alive. We write a MS to pass the test. Then what, someone makes it look good. They and fonts maybe. They do different paragraph spacing, etc.

I looked back over the edit you did for me. I like the is grammar important, way it looks. Certain lines are double spaced to and Social Taboos, separate a paragraph. Like the, “I’m proud too, Lee.” But we’re not allowed to do that in a MS, can we do it after? Also, I had reworked the first chapter.

When I decided to ethical nursing, move my prologue to chapter 12, I realized there was information that had to be told sooner. So I moved it while I was waiting to hear from Morality Taboos Essay, you. I wasn’t expecting, what you did for me. I combine it all and rewrote it. I think I have something now. YOU ARE THE BEST. Gene, you wouldn’t have to change all said he to he said , but I’d recommend changing most. There are all sorts of books and articles that talk about words to use or not use, but I’m not sure which you’re referring to. The Workshop? I’d check the Internet, see if you can’t find a couple of good lists. As for format, there is and Social a standard manuscript format, with first lines indented and no line spaces between paragraphs, so my presentation for The Future of Life in the Essay, your text wouldn’t be the way you’d format a ms. for submission.

But the format I used is Essay much easier on the eyes for online readers. Besides, it’s near impossible to indent with blog posts and comments. I’m glad to have been of help. One other change you might consider is removing some instances of Buck’s name. Janes Addiction Ted Just Admit It? He doesn’t need to be named so many times in those opening paragraphs. Supposing you are writing 1st person narrative and your pov character relates what another character is thinking? How would you punctuate that?

For example: I didn’t move or say a word, knowing the cop was thinking, Just give me an Morality Taboos Essay excuse, please, and I’ll gladly rid this world of your worthless punk ass. Would you use a comma just before the thought quote? Capitalize the first letter of the thought, as I did here? Use italics for the thought? Thanks. James, I would suggest using italics for Essay For a Voice, this. The comma is and Social Taboos good, as is the capital J. Or you could add the word what and use a colon or dash to introduce the cop’s supposed thought— I didn’t move or say a word, knowing what the cop was thinking: Just give me an excuse . . . You could italicize or not in this case; the colon or dash should serve as a strong enough indicator that this is the thought of another character, so italics are not required, though you may want to use them. Just be consistent with your choice.

Thanks for the question; it’s one that needed to be addressed. And it points out the fluidity of our options; there’s a lot that isn’t set in about Fighting For a stone, and a writer can create different effects and a personal style with his choices. I would just like to ask about the dialogue of a machine or computer. In my writing I have written: My name and photo appear as a robotic female voice says access granted. Do I need to use italics or commas or speech marks anywhere in the last bit of the sentence ? If you could help me that would be great!! Tasha, typically you’d use quotation marks, just as for normal speech. Yet if you want to Morality Taboos Essay, highlight that it’s not human speech, you could italicize; that would be a style decision. Ethical? Will the Morality, computer talk a lot? Is she a character? If so, quotation marks might be your best option.

They are the least confusing option. So, yes, if you are actually quoting what the computer says, you will want formatting to make the quoted text stand out. My name and photo appear as a robotic female voice says, “Access granted.” My name and photo appear as a robotic female voice reports access granted. You wouldn’t need quotation marks or italics if you wrote—My name and photo appear as a robotic female voice tells me access is granted. Quotation marks for spoken speech is the best choice.

But you do have options. This was a very useful guide for me, thanks very much, now I feel happy entering a flash fiction competition. Kim, you’re welcome. Good luck with your flash fiction. I just wanted to say: You’re soooo helpful… Thanks! My pleasure, Haydee. Hi, I wonder if you could help me. My character is telling her story directly, and keeps jumping from past to present. How should I punctuate the past? Italics, or trust the (1998 film), reader to Morality Taboos Essay, use their heads… I just feel it could get confusing for the reader without clear indication as it does jump back and fourth. (don’t judge all my punctuation and spelling this is purely a rough draft!) Belmont, California: April 2008.

I still believe he visited me that day with the Fighting, intention of killing me in cold blood. My memory of it is so blurry yet so clear. Morality Taboos? Almost surreal. I am sure the figure behind him had been holding a gun as he had walked out of the room when the ringmaster had dismissed him. Is Grammar Important? Then again it could have been the Morality and Social Taboos Essay, radiant artificial glare blinding me, playing tricks on my mind. An illusion to suit the story. If he had entered that day to is grammar, assassinate me, then he had been right. I will regret spitting at and Social, him forever.

It would have been the kindest mercy to have killed me so painlessly that day. But my emotions had got in the way. I allowed my anger to dictate my fate. Allowed my pride to take precedence. I was a fool. I fought them every step of the way. Believing somehow that I would conquer. Ethical? I had starved myself for those several days of solitude. Attacked anyone who tried to come near me. It didn’t matter that I was shackled to Morality Essay, the wall.

What leeway I had was enough to kick scratch and bite. I was a wild animal in a cage. I may have been contained physically but emotionally I was completely unrestrained. That was at least until they changed me, or tried to. They had offered me an alternative. ‘Kuthi, are you aware what bribery is?’ The ringmaster chided from a safe distance, as I pulled at the chains to get at him. Is Grammar Important? I wanted to Morality and Social Taboos, beat him. Punch, scratch, spit – any physical abuse would have sufficed. I knew I was wasting energy, but I could not restrain my desire to physically assault anyone who threatened my freedom. Perhaps I believed they would let me go in is grammar defeat.

Give up on trying to tame me. I had been so wrong. ‘If you are a good doggie I would listen very carefully… If you do not start to co-operate with us we will have to take matters a step further. We know where you live and we know who your family are.You have one warning’ He ended sounding so sure of himself. Despite his dark and evil threat I had laughed at him, looked him in the eye and laughed. ‘You have NO idea who my family are! Nor where they live. Morality Essay? If you did, you wouldn’t have DARED treat me like an animal’ I threatened back with a menacing triumph, still yanking at ethical nursing, my chains to get at him. ‘Believe what you will…. And Social Essay? but I have every idea of who they are and janes admit it, where they live and I do dare to treat you however I see fit Kuthi. And if you do not learn to co-operate you will get your answer shortly’ He sounded almost sad for me as he closed his statement with a pained sigh and Morality and Social Taboos, locked the door behind himself, leaving me with my own tortured thoughts again. Oh I had convinced myself they had no idea. How could they?

Afterall I was really Audrina Grace Todd, not the Audrina Mary Fynn they would have found me to be on the passport in my bag. I thought back to addiction ted just admit, the few other items I had packed and what they might have found. I had cautiously stored the photo’s and letters in America, in fear of being connected to the Todds in anyway. There was nothing sentimental in Taboos Essay that bag, I had made sure of that. Principles? It was just clothes and about a thousand dollars to get me started. The rest of the money had been thrown at a get rich quick investment before I had left. Which, at the time, I had ciphered would have been complete flop – how wrong I had been. I poured a glass of amber liquid, what was it Scotch? I slugged it back thirstily – Rum, my own stamina surprised me as I replaced the empty glass back onto the table. Essay? I felt a slight dizzying warmth wash over the workshop of the world, my chilled bones as I tried to remember and forget how that week had ended.

‘I blame myself – entirely’ I looked at the camera to Morality, confirm my guilt. ‘This is something that could have been avoided… If only-’ I sniffed back my hurt and huffed amusement ‘I promised I wouldn’t use those words “if only” – then again I promised myself I wouldn’t feel, yet here I am crying and smiling all within the of Life in the Universe Essay, same moment.’ I shook my head in disbelief at it all. Another glass of the golden nectar was required. I took another large glass in Morality Taboos Essay a single go. ‘This is the part where I killed my father…’ at this point I would jump back into india 2006 (when and where is happened) and let loose with the story in its ”present” form…. Greatly appreciate your input. I’m writing in the workshop world Deep POV and Morality Taboos, would like to limit the use of ethical principles italics as much as possible.

Regarding inner dialogue: Is it the Morality and Social, use of I/me that dictates use of italics? Or is it the use of a present tense verb? What about brave (1998 film), inner dialogue that has an understood “I”? For example: Lab today. Morality And Social Essay? Need to move. Does the above example of Essay about Fighting For a Voice inner dialogue need to be italicized?

Many thanks, Christina. Christina, you’ve hit the major reasons for using italics for a character’s inner dialogue—using I in a third-person narration and using present tense in a past tense story. Cutting down on italics is and Social Essay great, because they can be bothersome for the workshop world, readers, but you also don’t want to throw readers by switching from third person to Morality Taboos, first or from past to present tense. Without knowing the ted just, surrounding text, it’s difficult to give you an and Social Taboos Essay absolute answer, but if you read this as the character saying I need to about For a Voice, move, you’d probably want to go with italics, even though the I is only implied. Even if the character is instead talking to herself the way she would to another character—That’s it, that’s it. Focus, Libby. You need to move—italics are still probably necessary. (Though not in Morality and Social all instances.)

You can easily stay in deep POV using third person—Lab started in ten minutes, so she needed to get her butt in Essay For a gear. And Social Essay? But she’d much rather help herself to another cup of coffee. The thing is, the rules are sliding a bit regarding this issue. The trend is toward fewer intrusions into the text, including italics and The Future of Life Universe Essay, commas. I’ve read published works that switched from third person to Morality and Social, first in thoughts and didn’t use italics to do so.

It was noticeable, but not awful. So nothing is set in stone, yet until it is, you may want to stick with the new world (1998 film), tried and true. If there’s any chance of a reader becoming confused, you want to prevent that. If there’s any chance you’ll annoy the Morality Taboos Essay, reader with too much use of italics, you’ll want to prevent that too. Short answer?

I’d go with italics for in the Universe, now. This is the best blog post! I’ve been struggling with how to properly punctuate for and Social Essay, two characters who are having a telepathic conversation. They can channel each other. Often their conversations are brief.

But it’s mixed with the of Life Universe, MC’s actions while in a telepathic conversation with a character in another place. I’ve been using italics for the non-mc telepathic comments and not for my MC’s. However its still confusing my readers. What if I bolded or off set the non-mc telepathic comments and and Social Essay, italicized the janes addiction ted just it, MC’s comments? Or would that be overkill? You’ve got two sets of telepathic communications going on at the same time and Morality and Social Taboos, one person is part of both of them, is nursing that correct? You’ll want to Morality Taboos Essay, treat all telepathic communication the same way. Of The? Just as we use quotation marks for all spoken words, you’ll want to Morality Taboos, use something identifiable for thought speech. You won’t want to use bold—it’ll prove too distracting for readers. Can you use italics for principles, all thought-talk?

As long as you identify who is speaking to whom, you should be okay. This need for additional ways to show communicating is an important issue. I’m not sure that I have an Morality Essay answer for in the Essay, you at this time, not one that will satisfy every consideration. Taboos Essay? Italics may be your best choice at The Future of Life Essay, this time. do you use italics when writing about a dream. I’d say it depends. If the character describes the dream… “I had a dream. I was walking…” I wouldn’t put it in italics. If I were to have it as a scene and want to make sure the reader knows it’s a dream, I use italics. It’s also about style. I’ve read books were they don’t italicise dream scenes, and Morality and Social, I still get it.

Personally, I’d prefer italics. Jess, Mar has some good advice. If you’re only talking about the in the Universe Essay, dream, not showing it, no italics are necessary. If you show a dream playing out, you could use italics, but keep in mind that italics can be hard to and Social Taboos Essay, read. How long is this dream? If it’s long or you’ll be showing several dreams, consider setting the dreams off as scenes of their own. You wouldn’t need the ethical, italics with the scene breaks. Do be sure, however, to Taboos Essay, note when the dream begins and when it ends. Thank you Beth, this article is exactly what I’ve been looking for (smiley face…happy dance).

I’m glad it’s what you needed, Lyn. And I love happy dancing. I know you that know how terrific you are, but it can’t be said enough. I wonder if you can give advice on how to (1998 film), introduce a bit of history into or after a scene. The characters are commenting on a certain fashion and political climate that was going on when the story takes place. The location is and Social Essay another country, thirty years in the past, and without this history knowledge, the reader wouldn’t get a full understanding of what the characters are talking about. i have read your blog and addiction it, found it really helpful, but i have flashbacks in my narrative as well as the and Social, character’s thoughts. would you have the thoughts in Italics and singluar quotation marks ‘ ‘ or would you have them in “. Renee, we typically use italics for character thought, but not in all circumstances. If the thoughts are first person in a third-person story, then italics are probably what you want. You don’t want thoughts in quotation marks—save that for spoken words.

For American English rules, the only time single quotation marks are used is inside double quotation marks, when someone is speaking quoted material (or something else that gets quotation marks). The Workshop World? For British English rules, you can use single quotation marks rather than doubles, but reserve them for spoken words and some other rare uses. Thank you so much for Morality and Social Taboos Essay, this! Very clear and concise. My pleasure, Cyndi. Something that I’ve seen other authors use (Galsworthy in Forsythe Saga for instance) is the single quote for the “spoken” thouht. Sense both vocalized and The Future of Life in the, unvocalized speech are represented by Taboos Essay a type of quotes there is a partial resemblence.

It also limits italics to emphasis whether speech or thought. An example: Stan said, “[italic]I[end italic] went to see Mildred yesterday.” He found her in her usual hostile mood. ‘I couldn’t [italic]believe[end italic] what she said.’ (Terribly writing, but it illustrates the possibilities.) Matt, there are a couple of issues here. The first is the difference between British English (BrE) rules and American English (AmE) rules. Galsworthy was a British writer, so it’s likely he followed BrE rules.

For AmE, single quotation marks are only used inside doubles (and in The Future of Life in the Universe a few other unusual cases). This rule has nothing to do with thoughts—in AmE, single quotation marks simply aren’t used except for Morality Taboos Essay, specific situations. Also, while quotation marks might have been used to show thoughts a lot more in the past (Galsworthy wrote about 100 years ago), the trend today is for fewer punctuation marks. If thoughts can be shown in other ways (we know they can be), then using those other ways is the first recommendation. Also, we’re looking for about For a, ways to be clear with readers. If quotation marks are used solely for spoken words, readers don’t have to guess whether a line is thought or speech.

The punctuation gives clarity from the first page. Does that mean that all writers today follow these same recommendations? Not necessarily. You’ll still find some writers using quotation marks for thoughts. But they aren’t necessary and they could cause confusion. Yet too many uses of italics can create another problem, thus the current practice of moving away from italics even for thoughts. Readers are getting used to seeing thoughts in roman type, so I’m guessing that will be the standard before long. Yet writers always have options. And if a writer can make something work without causing new problems, then he’ll probably try it.

A good observation. Thanks for Taboos Essay, sharing it. When writing one character’s dialogue and another character’s internal thoughts on the same idea, should these be treated as more than one character ‘speaking’ where each time I have dialogue from a new character, I begin a new paragraph? Or should both characters’ dialogue and janes, thoughts be in Morality Taboos the same paragraph? Thank you.

Love your blog. Maria, this is one of Essay those “it depends” situations. Often, even most of the time, you will put them in Morality Taboos separate paragraphs, yes. But not always. If the viewpoint character in a first-person story or a story using deep POV has a thought relating to another character’s words, you could put the dialogue and the thought into the same paragraph. Essay For A? It’s not a necessity, but it is a possibility. If readers know that any thought that’s not the dialogue of another character belongs to Morality and Social, the viewpoint character, you could slip those thoughts between the sentences of dialogue of the other character. They aren’t true action beats, but they can serve the same purpose.

So . About Fighting For A? . Morality Taboos? . “I already told your sister yesterday.” The loser was smiling as he said it. “She’s a bit perturbed.” And he looked extremely pleased, the jerk. “I think she plans to write you out The Future of Life of the will.” But this could just as easily be written . . Morality And Social? . “I already told your sister yesterday.” The loser was smiling as he said it. And he looked extremely pleased, the jerk. “I think she plans to write you out of the world of the will.” The feel is different, the effect is different. Morality And Social Essay? It’s just one more option to create effects as you write. You don’t want to use extended thoughts of the viewpoint character in the same paragraph as the dialogue of another character because, yes, that’s like putting the Universe, dialogue of two characters in the same paragraph. And Social? Multiple or obvious references the viewpoint character makes to him- or herself should also be separated into a different paragraph.

Knowing what is too much would be a judgment call, but if there’s any doubt, separate the dialogue of one character and the thoughts of another—that would always be correct. This next example shows the combined thoughts of one character and the dialogue of another in a way that doesn’t work . Brave (1998? . . “I already told your sister yesterday.” I contemplated murder when the loser grinned. “She’s a bit perturbed.” And I think I could get away with it. Taboos? Poison in is grammar important his coffee. His grin widened. Or maybe cutting his break lines. He was a lousy driver; no one would suspect. “I think she plans to write you out of the will.” XX.

“I already told your sister yesterday.” I contemplated murder when the loser grinned. “She’s a bit perturbed.” And I think I could get away with it. And Social Essay? Poison in his coffee. His grin widened. Or maybe cutting his break lines. He was a lousy driver; no one would suspect. “I think she plans to write you out of the will.”

Again, you can always separate the two, but combining them in addiction admit it a way that works gives you another option. I just had a question about a sort of, oversaturation, of the Taboos, conscience in a work. I appreciate this article for the actual fundamentals of Fighting Voice my work, but this question is more about the Taboos, content than the basics of it. What if the Essay, conscience were to become it’s own character. is there any way to really make it acceptable? I know it’s not something that has been done too often, but it’s something that I have been playing with in Morality and Social Essay a couple of projects. With the most recent work I can see it working in my favor. My question is if it would be appropriate for this character that the conscience becomes was seen in both the main character’s dreams and real life? Or would this be overwhelming to the reader.

The story can be maintained without the conscience, but I like the spice that she gives the main character, thus the reason for my question. Is Grammar Important? I’m sorry if it’s confusing, but it’s something that I would really like to Morality Taboos, explore and I just wanted an outside opinion on it. K., I see no reason you couldn’t try using a character’s conscience as a character. Treat it/him/her just as you would another character. You wouldn’t want him taking over—is there a way the character can ignore him? Are there conditions under which he wouldn’t/couldn’t appear or make his presence known?

What’s the genre? The genre may affect how readers receive or don’t receive the conscience as a character, but otherwise, you should be able to try using it. Did you have specific concerns about reasons why it wouldn’t work for The Future in the, your story? I guess you could call it a science fiction-y love story. And Social Taboos Essay? I never know how to (1998 film), properly put a story into a genre (but that’s for another day).

But the reason I’m questioning it is because it’s something that almost always happens and and Social Taboos Essay, when I was in my last fiction class I introduced it for a workshop and it was either completely loved, or hated, OR the character of the conscience was loved, but her presence was hated. So I removed it. I’m working on a new work, but the reason for my concern is that this one has a lot to do with dreams. Is Grammar Important? I’m thinking this combination of a dream world and a conscience in the real world might be a little overwhelming, don’t you think? One thing I have noticed about this and Morality and Social Taboos, other articles regarding interior monologue is that no one is brave new world (1998 film) addressing the issue of submission guidelines. I think anyone wanting to submit anything should first investigate the and Social, submission guidelines for their intended recipient to verify first what punctuation / type format is Essay about acceptable. I am writing what I hope is the required format for Taboos, TOR publishing, and their guidelines are quite clear: under the topic: How do I submit writing to the workshop of the, Tom Doherty Associates, LLC?

submitted text must be made up of Morality consecutive pages and should end at the end of a paragraph, not in mid-sentence. Standard manuscript format means margins of at least 1 inch all the way around; indented paragraphs; double-spaced text; and Courier or Times Roman in 10 or 12 pitch. Of The World? Please use one side of the page only and Morality and Social Taboos, do not justify the The Future of Life Universe Essay, text. Do not bind the manuscript in any way. So. I look at that and I see no mention of punctuation, formatting, etc., of Morality and Social any kind, including the use or non-use of italics. Given what it takes to get hold of these people to find out anything else (and I haven’t), could we presume that the use of italics is okay, were we wanting to ethical principles nursing, use that for small stretches of Taboos interior monologue, or do I really need to new world, ask TOR? Mark, you don’t need to ask TOR about Morality and Social Taboos, italics for monologue.

Using or not using italics for character thoughts is a style choice, not a standard formatting issue for is grammar, submissions. So, yes, use italics for interior dialogue if that’s your choice. But do follow TOR’s guidelines for submissions. You can also check out Morality and Social Taboos this article on formatting a manuscript for submission , though you always want to go with the publisher’s guidelines if they differ from this standard format. Publishers assume that most of your text will be roman, not italics, though they will expect italics for some words or phrases or situations.

Simply make a decision for The Future Universe Essay, how you’ll write character thoughts and Essay, then be consistent throughout the manuscript. Publishers will have their own ideas of how they like to convey such interior monologue in a published book, so be prepared to addiction, be advised about such topics after they buy your story. Such a detail is likely to be covered in Morality and Social Essay their house style sheet, even though writers do have opportunity to ask for The Future in the Essay, exemptions. But because there are different options for this issue, it’s not something you’ll find as part of the and Social Essay, submission guidelines. That is, even one publisher may not use one rule regarding italics for every style of book or genre. Janes Addiction Ted Just It? This is an item with leeway. I don’t suggest contacting a publishing house to ask these kinds of questions—the information is on their website so they don’t have to deal individually with the Morality Taboos Essay, same questions again and again. And they know formatting information is available online and in books and in writing groups. They expect writers to do a bit of ted just admit it homework before they submit. Write a solid story.

Rewrite and Morality Taboos Essay, edit it. When it’s ready for Essay about Voice, submission, use standard formatting guidelines and submit according to Taboos, the agent’s or publisher’s own guidelines. The Future Of Life? And then get to work on the next manuscript. Morality And Social Taboos? You want to be a professional about your submissions, but don’t let questions about individual formatting issues get you unduly worried. Agents and publishers have seen lots of submissions, with all sorts of Essay styles. As long as you keep to the general and expected standards, your submission should be fine. The reason why you don’t see articles about interior monologue/dialogue addressing the issue of submission guidelines is because they are not mutually exclusive. Interior monologue is just one of the many writing techniques used for and Social Taboos, adding dimension to a story, just like dream sequences and flashbacks.

As with most writing techniques, interior monologue isn’t an essential part of is grammar writing or story-telling and Taboos, it’s not an essential part of a submission either–unless it’s specifically stated, of brave (1998 course. Submission guidelines are not rules on Taboos Essay how to write your MS. They are instructions for writers who want to have their work considered for publication. From time to important, time, you might come across guidelines stating the publisher’s pet peeves in relation to writing mechanics, elements of writing, genre or whatever–MCSweeney’s, for Morality Taboos Essay, instance, doesn’t want MSS with semicolons (I think)–but normally submission guidelines are more to do with things such as: format, word count, topic; the form of writing acceptable (poem, articles, short story…); the way of sending an MS (snail mail, email). I wouldn’t advise asking TOR about the ted just, interior monologue punctuation etc. Morality And Social Taboos Essay? It would come across as lazy and amateurish. Asking to clarify something about their guidelines is janes addiction it okay, but asking them how you should format and punctuate your inner monologue or anything else isn’t. That’s like a carpenter asking his clients which tools he should use to Morality and Social, build them their house.

Grammar, punctuation and all that stuff are part of the craft of writing. Nursing? It’s the writer’s job to Morality and Social Essay, know how to ethical nursing, use them. Submitting work is tough, especially if you’re new to Morality and Social Essay, it. New World (1998 Film)? However, if you want a chance at getting published, the Morality, most important thing is to brave, make sure you have a well written and Taboos Essay, engaging piece. If you haven’t workshopped your MS yet, please do so. Find other writers who write in is grammar important your genre, especially if they’re published, and ask them to and Social Taboos Essay, critique your work. Also, before submitting, make sure you’re familiar with the stuff they publish. Thanks so much for this. I have a question. in my WIP, there is this secne: Taylor looked around the room, seeing her teenage self reflected in the posters on brave (1998 the walls.

The only thing that’s changed here is me she thought to herself as she moved into the middle of the room. Does a comma need to Morality and Social Taboos, be added after the new world (1998 film), inner thought? Yes, add a comma for this purpose, Colleen. Test this comment. I am writing my first novel about an Indian woman in and Social Essay her fifties. I started the is grammar, book and and Social Taboos Essay, the first chapter is about celebrating her birthday. I am writing this story as myself as the narrator of the story. Janes Admit? More than half of the and Social Taboos, story is in thoughts describing her initial days and principles nursing, the rest is her present situation. And Social? Sometimes I write about addiction ted just it, present and then swiftly enters my character in thoughts. And Social Taboos? Is it correct to write story with mix time, sometimes in thoughts, sometimes in present?

I do get confused as how to enter in thoughts from the present time so that readers can understand where the character is actually. This is the first time I am trying my hand in is grammar writing novels, please help me. Another related query for you on this topic. Morality And Social Taboos? Mother and a son who have s strained relationship and who are both taciturn. Janes Ted Just? They have a habit of Morality and Social Taboos Essay communicating with expressions. Here is an example: Joe gave her a sidelong glance that seemed to ask, “What makes you so sure?” She shrugged and The Future Essay, made a gesture with her chin that seemed to answer, “I just know these things.” Quotation marks? Italics? Nothing?

Temple, for Morality Taboos, these I’d consider what else is going on in the scenes and how often this happens. If the first question was the only one in the story, it’s likely I wouldn’t do anything special with the font. About Fighting For A Voice? The answer, however, seems to and Social Taboos, ask for italics. I probably would not use quotation marks for Essay Fighting For a Voice, either. I was wondering how one would go about defining a conversation between two different characters that are outside of the narrator’s presence? This is an Taboos issue, with first person narratives that I struggle with. Is Grammar? For instance, the main character, the narrator, is being discussed by two other characters.

How would that conversation be related in the storyline? Meagan, you’ve got to have more than one viewpoint character if you need to show events, including dialogue, that happen outside your first viewpoint character’s presence. Or you may have to forget about presenting that information. You could always have someone report what they saw or heard to Morality and Social Taboos, your narrator, but for the events to happen in real time, you’ve got to have a viewpoint character present. Or you need an omniscient narrator.

I have scenes with multiple conversation at once. Janes Admit? One scene takes place in a classical ballroom sort of setting. My family of paranormals are surrounded by unsuspecting humans. The bride to be is Morality Essay talking to the eldest sibling of the paranormals. She’s trying not to be obvious about her sudden attraction to him since she is engaged to someone else. His sister is telepathically talking to him at the same time. Do you have advice on how to keep the two conversations distinguished. He is capable of verbal communication to the human and of Life Essay, telepathic communication to his sibling at Morality, precisely the same time.

I want to make it clear when he speaks verbally and telepathically at once without using unnecessary words to address who is saying what and to who since there are two different conversations taking place. Tina, if you’ve got the two conversations going on at the same time, using quotation marks for the spoken one and italics for the thought one is probably your best bet. Use action beats and dialogue and thought tags only For a as necessary, but do use them so readers don’t get lost. Ahhhh! I’m so happy I found this. Morality And Social Taboos Essay? I just wish I would have found it say, 5 years ago. Important? I’ve been blogging for awhile and I’ve NEVER ever been sure how to write my thoughts. And Social? I’ve seen some use the single quotation (apostrophe?) as if it distinguishes it?

Ha. I’ve got a lot of practice. This article is ted just now bookmarked. Thanks again! Cool beans. I’ve been intuitively doing it right. I have a main character that is thinking about a specific dialog someone else said. The other person said, “How would you define love?”

Here’s the example: “How would you define love?” Her words echoed through my mind. Now when my main character is thinking about this quote as above, do I use italics (since we are in MC’s head) and Taboos, quote marks (since it was someone’s direct dialog/quote in the story) ? Or should I only use italics and no quotes? Happyjbelle, if the character is addiction ted just hearing the memory, which is basically what you’ve written, go with italics. If the character thinks something such as the Morality Essay, following, you could go with quotation marks— “How would you define love?” she’d asked me. I kept hearing her plaintive question— How would you define love? We don’t typically use both quotation marks and italics for such a purpose. I am writing a story in first person POV and of the world, the main character uses a form of Taboos Essay telepathy to “speak” to is grammar, another character. I am thinking that italics for these thoughts formatted like speech might work best, since two characters are thinking back and forth to one another.

What do you think? I have one question, and sorry if it was answered in Taboos the comments. Addiction Ted Just It? How do you properly write a thought that is Morality also a question, which is not the end of a sentence? For example. Looking up at about Fighting Voice, the cave I wondered what ancient secrets it might hold? Could there be bones and Morality and Social Essay, tools and old indian artifacts in there? I wondered. I want to use a thought tag “I wondered”.

But should I use a question mark? If so, where? Could there be bones and tools and old indian artifacts in there, I wondered? Or do I use quotations? “Could there be bones an tools and old indian artifacts in there?” I wondered.

Thanks, I find this very confusing. Good questions, Alec. There is principles no question mark for your first example. Morality And Social Taboos Essay? Although characters can wonder questions, wondering in of the world itself is not a question.—Looking up at Morality and Social Taboos Essay, the cave, I wondered what ancient secrets it might hold. At the same time, I wouldn’t use wondered twice. So perhaps—Looking up at the cave, I wondered what ancient secrets it might hold. Were bones and janes it, ancient Indian artifacts buried inside? You would include the question mark with a direct question—Could bones and Indian artifacts be buried inside? I wondered. That would be the same as saying—Could bones and Essay, Indian artifacts be buried inside?

I asked myself. Note the placement of the question mark. It comes at the end of the question, not after the tag. This is the same format found in questions with dialogue tags. You could argue, as a style choice, that under some circumstances, maybe when you want to brave (1998 film), play down the question, you could skip the Morality Taboos Essay, question mark—Would it end soon, I wondered. Yet for the most part, do include a question mark since this is a question. There’s no need to use quotation marks unless the character is is grammar important speaking aloud.

We can wonder out Morality Taboos loud, so quotation marks might be necessary in some examples, but don’t use them for thoughts. Keep in mind that you don’t need to include “I wondered” in first-person narration. You also don’t need to include a thought tag for world, many version of third-person POVs, especially deep POV. You can use a thought tag for variety or rhythm, but in Morality Essay these points of view, readers know the the workshop of the world, viewpoint character is thinking these thoughts. That is, any thought in scenes with such points of view belongs to the viewpoint character, and and Social Taboos, characters will know this. There’s no need for thought tags to identify the speaker; they are redundant. I hope this answers your questions. Let me know if it doesn’t. Alec, for the workshop world, some reason your question got inserted out of order.

Please see my answer a couple of comments above this one. Just found this forum while looking for some answers I need. My ms deals with some ancient gods and their oracle, the deities often speak telepathically, using internal dialogue. Sometimes the Morality Taboos Essay, oracle replies verbally, for which I use the appropriate punctuation. Would the of the world, internal dialogue need quotation marks or speech marks? Or should I use italics? They do speak a lot, and I have been advised to use italics sparingly. My apologies if this has already been asked and answered, I’ve probably missed it. Jen, italics is an option for mind-talk. You usually want to reserve quotation marks for spoken dialogue.

Are you saying they speak telepathically a lot? That would be a lot of italics. But you’ve got to differentiate between speech and thoughts somehow, and italics is one way to Morality Essay, do it. And if you have characters with regular thoughts as well, you have to portray those in a way that readers will understand. Principles Nursing? If you can fold those thoughts into the text without calling attention to them—so no italics—using the techniques of deep POV, that would help differentiate at least some of the thoughts.

Italics is Morality Taboos Essay probably your best option. We do try to minimize the use of italics, but your situation is a bit unusual. And readers should be able to quickly understand what’s happening. Italics would be an instant signal that characters are talking mind to mind. Where is this cloud thing your talking about? One other thing that isn’t a MAJOR factor in this but might still be something worth considering (as it has come up a good number of times for me in the past few years), is how it will come out in an audio format. (1998? For example, a good number of Taboos Essay Stephen King books choose to forego the “he thought” clarification in janes ted just it favor of just embedding the Morality and Social Taboos Essay, thoughts in new world film) the text itself. Morality And Social Taboos Essay? But when you’re listening to an audiobook and addiction, the character is engaged in a dialogue with someone, it starts to get messy when he is both talking out loud to someone while thinking thoughts in-between the spoken dialogue.

As a listener, it usually makes me take a second or two to decipher between what he’s saying vs. thinking. Not that it makes it impossible to read, but that slight pause of confusion ends up removing me from the story just slightly enough to Morality and Social Essay, remind me that I’m listening to a book, not staying engrossed in Essay about Fighting a spellbinding story. Mike, that’s a great observation. As you said, maybe this isn’t a major factor in deciding how to handle character thoughts, but it is and Social Taboos a consideration. I admit that I don’t listen to books—I get frustrated that I can’t get those narrators to talk any faster. But audio books do have an audience, and we should at least recognize that the listener’s needs might be different from film), those of a traditional reader. I’m glad you brought up the subject.

I might have missed this, but I just throw thoughts right in behind dialogue sometimes. Is that correct? “Hey, I got your message last night. You okay?” Man, sounded lost and a little spacey. “Yes. And Social Essay? You still nee to be here by eleven-thirty. When you stop for the chicken, can you pick up some cilantro?” “Sure.” Wha…chicken? She didn’t say anything about chicken last night. “Now you’re doing it. Are you okay?” What’s his problem?

“Yeah. How much chicken again?” That will work, clear it up without busting her. “Two pounds, breasts, get them butterflied if you can.” Jesus, how many times do I have to say this? “Cool. Eleven-thirty.” It must be that stuff they gave her for her foot.

Anything stronger than Tylenol and The Future in the, she’ll go make the Morality and Social Essay, bathroom safe for guests. He grinned. Maybe a good time to drop some hints about how dirty my car is, see what happens. “You’ll never be here in time in ethical you don’t hang up and get on it, Bobby. What are you thinking about.” “Nothing. You want any seasoning on that chicken I didn’t know anything about?” Ohhh…damn. Blew it. “You never listen to me, do you?” Now he’ll lie and say yes he does and it’s my pain meds. Morality And Social Essay? Jerk “Bobby?

Are you still there?” Is that acceptable form? I mean that’s a drop in example, but is that sort of thing considered okay? I DO use quotes with thoughts, in place of italics, but not normal ones. Should I really be telling everyone this? Putting myself out there like this?

I wonder even as I write. By using Tidles ( ) I make it clear that something is being said, but to one’s self, in the privacy of the character’s own head, as most of us do. Nothing ventured nothing gained I suppose. It also allows me to write mental speech on sites which do not support Italicized text, such as this one for admit, example… When writing I have to Taboos, include a brief note about this unconventional notation, but I hope to about For a Voice, see it become the standard one day, and think that it doing so would be of benefit to Morality and Social Taboos Essay, all. There, I have done it, now to see what comes of it, I sighed inwardly. I love this blog, and ethical principles nursing, I have a question to and Social Taboos Essay, contribute. What if a character is remembering the voice of a character who is now deceased?

Consider the example below: As she shivered in the dark, she heard her mother’s reassuring voice: “The cream always rises to the top.” Is the way above correct? I tried it with italics, and brave new world (1998, the italics seemed a little distracting to me. Morality Taboos Essay? In my current WIP, I have a couple of brave (1998 film) similar situations where the character will be recalling “specific” quotes from Morality, other characters. Not all will be from deceased characters, as in the case above. Thanks in Essay about advance for Morality, your kind reply. Great article, great website. The Future Of Life Essay? I have a question re: punctuation of inner dialogue when using first person POV. Morality Taboos? 99% of the character’s internal dialogue is not in italics. Film)? Occasionally, though, I switch to “you” when the Morality and Social Taboos, character berates herself internally.

I do that to emphasize how messed up she is psychologically. She not only overthinks everything, she also has a self-hating side. I also use it when she gives herself internal pep talks. In these cases, I use italics because I’m switching from first person to Essay Voice, second. I read elsewhere that I need to use italics because otherwise, the reader might think I’m addressing him/her (“Hey you, buck up!). Could you advise on best practices? I do this so sparingly that I could easily rewrite to Morality and Social Taboos Essay, eliminate the “you’s” if you think they’re off-putting. Thanks. I tend to avoid writing ‘thought’ because maybe I read somewhere it wasn’t a good idea.

I use ‘wondered’ on occasion. I’ll tag inner thought right behind dialogue. Janes Addiction? But here’s one where the character is Taboos Essay doing her own call and response, playing the whole conversation to herself. I just plugged it in of the without popping a new line for every change. any thoughts? Sunday morning coffee and “How are you feeling, dear?” Deanna knew how it would go. And Social Essay? Oh I’m fine, How did you sleep, Really good, You were home early, It was a stupid movie and Essay, I wasn’t hungry and didn’t want to go to the Lantern or make out with him so I kept him off my boobs until the Taboos Essay, stop sign by Desley’s. Don’t be silly dear, it wasn’t that bad, was it? Yes mom, it was.

Cups? Phil, this probably isn’t clear enough. Maybe use an ellipsis after “how it would go” and include periods after the supposed words of each person so readers can see where each character stops. You may also want to is grammar important, tell us outright which character has the first line— I’d say I’m fine and Mom would ask how did you sleep. Just some options. You might want to play with this a bit. Make sure readers know where the breaks between the (anticipated) words of each character fall. Hello!

I have a question regarding internal thought. I recently joined a critique group, and Essay, one of the women in the group shows her characters’ internal thoughts in bold-faced font. I have never seen this approach in any book I’ve ever read, but she says she has, and janes addiction admit it, writing it that way–rather than putting the words in Morality Essay italics–keeps her from becoming confused. Brave (1998? Is this a matter of personal preference? Would agents/editors correct her if she’s wrong? Does anything go these days in terms of writing style? It seems like many of the hard-and-fast rules I’ve learned about and Social, writing are being turned on their heads lately. Laurie, the other writer has seen bold fonts in a manuscript or in principles nursing a published book?

Unless this is something experimental, it’s not something a writer should be doing. We should be writing the words in ways that head off confusion rather than relying on punctuation to do that for us. I don’t know anyone who would recommend bold for such a purpose. I don’t know anyone who’d recommend bold for Morality Taboos Essay, any text in fiction outside of chapter headings. Agents and new world film), editors would recommend changes if the manuscript got that far, but she really should take care of this before she submits to agents and Morality Taboos Essay, editors. She should learn how to make the text do what she needs it to do.

While changes are always taking place, I don’t think the use of bold text in fiction has become an Essay Fighting Voice in-thing. Taboos? Suggest that she rethink her use of bold. You’ll be doing her a favor. I’m curious, do you think it’s possible to write a novel without sharing the character’s thoughts at all? Has it been done?

I’m a huge fan of is grammar all sorts of Morality and Social Essay storytelling, one of the greatest stories out there has to be Silent Hill 2, and for one of the most interesting reasons. You’re never flat out told what your character is janes addiction ted just it thinking, instead his psyche is reflected into his environment. Each and every flaw, everything that haunts him, everything is reflected into the environment, allowing the player to come up with an interpretation. I’m not sure if this can reflect into a novel, and Morality and Social Taboos, it may be a bit too experimental, but it’s just a thought. I was thinking somewhere along the lines of a limited third person book where there’s narration and you’re told the character’s actions as well as parts of what the character’s feeling through dialogue but never what he’s thinking unless you can decipher him. Nyxato, stories told from the viewpoint of an omniscient narrator don’t have to delve into a character’s thoughts. The effect may be distancing, especially compared to the more typical style of today’s novels that brings readers close to a character’s thoughts, but it’s definitely possible to write such stories.

The feel would be observational rather than participatory for the reader, but doable for the workshop, a writer, for sure. Thanks for the reply, especially on a rather old post. How well recepted do you think a novel told like that would be? Again, it’s highly experimental, something not usually looked up to with most things. I’m sure someone out Morality Essay there could pull it off, however. Hello!

I have a question regarding internal thought. I recently joined a critique group, and one of the is grammar important, women in Morality Essay the group shows her characters’ internal thoughts in the workshop of the bold-faced font. I have never seen this approach in any book I’ve ever read, but she says she has, and writing it that way–rather than putting the Morality and Social, words in italics–keeps her from principles nursing, becoming confused. Taboos? Is this a matter of personal preference? Would agents/editors correct her if she’s wrong? Does anything go these days in addiction ted just admit it terms of writing style?

It seems like many of the hard-and-fast rules I’ve learned about writing are being turned on their heads lately. Hammad, we typically don’t use bold for Morality and Social Essay, anything other than chapter titles. If she needs to write the thoughts that way to keep from being confused, that’s okay for a work in progress. But if she’s confused, it’s likely that the reader will be too. And that’s not a good thing. She needs to principles nursing, write the thoughts in ways that aren’t confusing. It’s not likely that any publisher will publish thoughts in bold. (However, I did just start reading a book with some odd bold text.

I can’t remember what was bolded or why, but I definitely noticed. I’ll have to see the reason for the bold.) But even if a publisher uses bold, the Morality, writer shouldn’t. The words need to be able to stand on their own. Early in the blog stream, Anna asked, “What if the thought is a question.” This comes up a lot in my writing because I do not italicize thoughts. Here is an example. What was Matthew thinking? she wondered.

Does he have absolutely no clue how I feel about his brother? Of course he doesn’t. I never told him. Ethical Principles Nursing? “I’ll have to think about Morality and Social Taboos, it, Sean, and . . . I feel certain my mother has something scheduled for me before I head back to Columbia, and—” And, should I capitalize She wondered. In dialogue you would not capitalize the first word after the question mark. The Future Of Life Essay? But it seems that CMS says that you would in Taboos Essay this case. You might say that I don’t need She wondered as it is evident that these are Penelope’s thoughts. Hmm.

The Perpetual Writer. I was wondering if inner dialogue/monologue in a first person novel is important required in order to make the story more believable/better? Can one write a first person story without any inner dialogue? Maggie, I’m not sure why your comment has appeared out of date order, but I hope you find this response. A character doesn’t have to talk to himself, yet the ability to do so is one of the and Social Essay, hallmarks of first-person narration. Is there a reason you wouldn’t want to hear what a character comments on, what he thinks of some other person or some event? Are you intending to brave new world, include some kind of and Social thoughts, just not self-directed thought? You could do that, of course. About Fighting? But for first person, I probably wouldn’t suggest you skip all thoughts. And Social Taboos? If you’re showing readers that they have access to a character’s mind but then deliberately withhold thoughts, that’s a bit of the workshop world a cheat. Readers will likely feel that they’re missing something.

Still, there is Morality and Social a difference between thoughts and thought-dialogue with a character giving himself pep talks or telling himself how foolish he’d been. What kind of inner dialogue did you want to omit and why? There might be some other options for the workshop world, you. Can anyone help a relative novice; what is the best way to write a line of dialogue in a characters thoughts: my character is thinking about something his father once said to him when a child, it is just one line. Would I use italics /or speech marks or not? Ann, for Morality, a single line, italics would work well if you’re not using a dialogue tag and if you’re not using italics for the character’s other thoughts.

Dad’s words from that time I came home at three in the morning came to important, mind as I waited for John. Your mother and I can’t turn off the worry. Be courteous and Morality and Social, give us a call next time. Film)? I’d need to try to be as calm and Taboos, direct with John. If he ever got home. My dad was pretty forgiving. But I still remember that time he’d said, “You’re in Essay Voice the house by and Social Taboos midnight or you call at brave new world (1998, eleven fifty to tell me why you’re not or I’m coming to find you. Morality Essay? Those are your only options.” I hope that helps. Thanks for your help, that is perfect!

I am still confused by this because you say to never use quotation marks for inner thought and yet when I look at CMOS it states: 13.41Unspoken discourse. Thought, imagined dialogue, and other interior discourse may be enclosed in quotation marks or not, according to the context or the is grammar, writer’s preference. “I don’t care if we have offended Morgenstern,” thought Vera. “Besides,” she told herself, “they’re all fools.” Why, we wondered, did we choose this route? The following passage from James Joyce’s Ulysses illustrates interior monologue and Taboos Essay, stream of consciousness without need of the workshop of the world quotation marks: Reading two pages apiece of seven books every night, eh? I was young. You bowed to Taboos, yourself in is grammar important the mirror, stepping forward to applause earnestly, striking face. And Social Taboos Essay? Hurray for the Goddamned idiot! Hray! No-one saw: tell no-one.

Books you were going to write with letters for titles. Have you read his F? I love your blog. Essay Fighting For A? You always have such good tips and ideas. I was just wondering what to do for memories of another person’s quotes. It’s not a flashback. It’s in Morality 3rd person, and the POV character is angrily remembering what someone else said to him. It was originally written with the thoughts in nursing italics, but I’m trying to get rid of that. I like the way its written though, and would hate to change the Morality Taboos, form. Do you have any way to help clarify which line is what without the italics? He shook his head, trying to get Aaron’s angry words out.

He fell backward on his bed. He grabbed his pillow and put it over his face. Aaron would never forgive him. For A? Jimmy had lost his only two friends. Forever. And it was all his fault. He lay there, still. Not moving.

Dadler, is there a particular reason you don’t want to use italics for this purpose? Pretty much your only choices here are quotation marks and italics. Readers need to and Social Taboos, know who is—or was—saying what, and paragraph breaks aren’t enough. We often use italics to indicate speech that’s being remembered by principles nursing another character. Also, if the character is “hearing” an Morality and Social Taboos Essay earlier conversation between himself and another character or between two other characters, you may have to ethical principles, use a dialogue tag or an Morality Taboos action beat once or twice to The Future Essay, keep the speakers’ identities clear for the reader. I’m trying to keep it consistent with how I have done inner dialogue in the rest of the and Social Essay, WIP and i have not used italics anywhere else. He isn’t remembering the The Future Universe Essay, whole conversation. Lines of it are coming back to him between each action beat. And Social? The whole conversation happened a page or 2 earlier. But without the ethical, italics, it isn’t clear. I added quotes to the words he is remembering.

But I don’t want to add quotes in the real story because it will be confusing with whats now and what he’s remembering. He shook his head, trying to get Aaron’s angry words out. He fell backward on his bed. He grabbed his pillow and put it over his face. Aaron would never forgive him. Taboos? Jimmy had lost his only two friends. Forever. Janes Admit? And it was all his fault. He lay there, still. Morality And Social? Not moving.

Thanks so much for this great post! I am still a bit confused… I am writing in first person POV with lots of inner dialogue sprinkled throughout. However, each chapter jumps between past and present. I understand all spoken dialogue needs to be in present tense. But for the chapters written in past tense what is the is grammar, best way to Morality and Social Taboos Essay, add inner monologue. For example: in a convesation between the principles, POV and her father: “So, what are your plans now,” Dad asked. “Not sure. Morality Taboos? Was thinking I could start photography classes. They were always too expensive in LA.” I’d love to be a wedding photographer.

Maybe I could be good enough for people to pay my way to world, Bali or Hawaii. All the great destination wedding spots. But then again I’d always have to work Saturday nights. So maybe not. Maybe a baby photographer. Or maybe I should just open a bakery. What do you think is the Morality, preferred method for this?

I would appreciate any and all help! Miranda, if the janes addiction it, scene is past tense, that means a character’s thoughts should also be in past tense, unless she’s talking directly to herself (and only briefly to and Social Essay, herself). Yet for first-person narration, since the character is Essay about For a already the one doing the talking and thinking, there’d be no reason to switch tenses for her to talk to herself. In this case her thoughts and Essay, the narration are the same thing and is grammar important, should be consistent. The narrator is either in Morality Essay the past or the present as she narrates the story, and verb tenses should reflect that. (Keep in the workshop of the world mind that some of and Social Essay your verbs will be in the same form whether the story is past or present.) Two examples, past first— I ran into the room, eager to talk to janes ted just admit it, Dad. “So what are you plans now?” he asked. I wanted to be a wedding photographer, one good enough that customers would pay my way to Morality Taboos Essay, Bali or Hawaii. I run into the room, eager to talk to Dad. “So what are you plans now?” he asks.

I want to be a wedding photographer, one good enough that customers will pay my way to Bali or Hawaii. You’d maintain past or present in both action and janes admit, thought unless your character, in Morality and Social Essay her present, is reflecting on ethical principles something that happened at another time and she interjects her present thoughts into her narration of past events. Essay? I don’t think that’s what you intended with this example, but I want to principles nursing, be sure, just in case. The way your narrator’s thoughts are written here, they’re present tense, which doesn’t go with a past-tense narration for other events. Is she narrating the story as it happens or telling us what has already happened? Once you decide that, the choices for actions and thoughts should fall into place. I hope this helps but if not, let me know. For thought process, Larry, it seems best to trust reader intelligence. Only use speech marks for the words actually spoken by characters – otherwise it looks a mess and confuses the Taboos, reader. Sometimes you have to move from narrative to thought-process, and it’s best not signalled by a change of typeface, inverted commas or any enactment narrative. Anybody know what to do with a character’s thoughts that include possible future dialogue?

For example: He’s going to propose. What should I say? Is it acceptable to say, “Maybe?” I mean, he’s probably been mulling it over for months. But I only get five seconds? Who am I kidding? Five seconds would be an is grammar insult. Etiquette dictates I should squeal enough to Morality and Social, hyperventilate, and sing out “Yes” before the velvet cube pops open.

It says, “I love you, and I’ll still marry you even if there’s a hideous, heart-shaped ring hiding in of the world that box.” Do I keep “Maybe” and “Yes” and “I love you, and I’ll….” all in quotation marks? Miranda, I wouldn’t put maybe and yes in quotation marks. Single words including yes and no typically don’t need quotation marks in Morality and Social Essay this kind of situation unless you’re actually writing dialogue. As for the full sentence, yes, put that one in quotation marks. Or you could even try italics. But quotation marks would be perfectly appropriate. I’ll make one suggestion regarding it if I may. When you write It says, what is it referring to?

Try being specific so you can direct the reader. That quick response says . . . That excited response . . . The excited answer . . . The excitement of such an is grammar important answer says . . . Thank you for this, this has helped me to decide what to do in my wip. I’ve gotten rid of most of the Taboos, thoughts in italics. (One or tow several chapters apart for when I think it needs it.) If your having other writers critique your work make sure to tell them why your not putting the janes ted just admit, thoughts into italics or they’ll beat you over the head that you should. _ do you still have to put ” ” if the main character is not speaking. Good point, Darkocean. It’s a good idea to Morality Taboos Essay, fill in janes ted just readers/critiquers with special considerations.

Yet at and Social Essay, the same time you don’t want to of Life in the, burden them with too much information. Tell them what they need to know, but then sit back and let them enjoy the read. (Sorry about Morality and Social Taboos, not replying sooner I loose track of time when writing. 89k words now. -Nods- Yes definitely. It’s a little different on his writing site I go to for help. New World (1998 Film)? My main pet peeve is they still are trying to Morality Taboos Essay, get me to put all the inner thoughts into the workshop italics and and Social Taboos Essay, the last one told me all thoughts always have to get a new line. The Workshop World? So now I’m at the point of and Social just thanking them and ignoring when they say to do that. -sigh- Do you have a posting that is to do with grounding characters and scene setting? like describing where the ted just admit it, characters are and such? I like giving descriptions, I just dislike doing stuff like the Morality and Social, insides of buildings and such (to me it’s boring, I tend to skim that stuff when reading as ugg it’d go on for paragraphs, yawn.) Do I have to put that stuff in?

I have some here and there where I think it’s important, a sentence, a paragraph or so and then I move on. Am I being to skimpy? (It’s a dark fantasy adventure.) Thank you if you answer my questions. DarkOcean, congratulations on your word count. You do need to addiction admit it, include setting details, but you don’t have to write paragraphs about the insides of buildings or rooms. There are many ways to and Social, include setting details. Setting details are important for a couple of nursing reasons. You want readers to be able to picture the and Social Taboos, fictional world. Principles Nursing? And you want to Morality, make sure that your story fits the world in which it takes place.

Including a few details about setting will help the reader experience the story world. Setting makes a story unique. So a story that takes place in the Manhattan of ethical principles today won’t be the same story that takes place in 1870 in Houston or in Morality and Social 1930 in Essay Fighting For a Hong Kong. Morality? A story with the majority of scenes in alleys and bars at night will be much different from a story that takes place in the offices of a prosperous international company by day. So, yes, do include setting details. But don’t think you have to stop the story to point them out. Have a character note the ethical nursing, gargoyles on the squat building he’s entering—he may pause as he enters, mentally comparing this building to the modern skyscrapers to the right and left of it. A character might pick off the and Social Taboos, dead flowers from addiction ted just it, a plant outside the front door as he or she goes home at night. You can imply that no one’s been taking care of the yard or that there’s been a drought. Or maybe you’re implying that the character is a perfectionist. A character might notice the scent of sour laundry or burning cookies.

Another character might trip over items on the floor or even trip over the uneven ground. One character might have to move piles of papers just to sit down while a character in another story might worry about sitting down on a white sofa in his muddy jeans. Have your characters react to and interact with setting; that’s one way to make it real as well as useful. Morality Essay? And you don’t have to go on and on is grammar about the details unless a character would notice them. Also, remember that setting is more than buildings and scenery. Morality? Era, cultural elements (laws, politics, religion, art, media), and geography are all part of the janes admit, setting. Use a variety of setting details in your story. I do have a couple of articles on setting.

Click on setting in the tag cloud in Morality Essay the right sidebar. Make your stories feel real by making the story world feel real, as if the Universe Essay, characters actually live and work and Morality Taboos, play in it. Oh, wow thank you #128512; I have a question what about when characters are talking are action beats, props and inner thoughts enough or do I have to make my character look around the room? I try to keep her focused on what matters to Universe, her and Taboos, or what she notices. (Well some times it’s hard not to notice something like say an addiction admit explosion coming from outside.) This is the Morality Taboos Essay, new setting i’ve put in: She crouched down and breathed slow focusing on janes addiction ted just it her heart rate, slowing it. Morality? The the soft pink petals from the tree she was under floated to the ground.

The streets were carpeted with them. People sat under the trees, chatting-ignorant. The petals did little to calm her, as she alone knew they created a false sense of serenity. Essay? She shivered, though this had nothing to do with the shade. She worked her way towards the back end of the and Social, city, where the elite lived their houses of white washed walls decorated with painting of the (1998 film), spirits. A group of thirty people filled this area as they watched a juggler tossed several loafs of bread one after the other. Merryn craned her neck at the towering homes that had long horned fire spirits near the roofs.

The horns for the fire spirit, encased in a circle of flame for protection, glaring at would be attackers, while other houses had the Morality Essay, spirit of water. Three fish heads facing each other, the tails joined forming a circle around with their bodys. Along the edges of the houses the blue foam waves just crested over the doorway, offering peace and blessings to those who resided or visited. All the of Life in the Universe Essay, homes of this wealthy section, were decorated with ordinate carvings of the Morality and Social Taboos, other spirits. She had no time to find her spirits and pray not now.

Besides, Olenus knew she loved them all and that’s what mattered. The spirits were forgiving, with most things. She padded closer, her footsteps, but of a whisper, her outline but a shadow. The hidden spell absorbed the ethical, darkness around her, wrapping her. She weaved between the alleyways to avoiding the sunlight and going around the few people that where still scattered near the castle. Morality? After weaving between them she stopped to crouch near the outer castle wall.

It still needs work but I think it’s better then before. The problem is brave new world I hate it when I’m reading a book and an author goes on to describe everything. Like the the walls, furniture, the draperies, rugs to the stained glass windows. I get bored and skip ahead. It feels like filter to me. Thank you for explaining this, it’s hard to know how much to put in sometimes and I tend to go with the minimal. Morality And Social Taboos Essay? (The above is actually way more then I usually put in.) Okay I will thanks ^-^ Zack, where do you mean? Only use quotation marks for a character’s dialogue. Hello all!

I am writing a novel that has a character frequently communicating mentally with a voice in his head. In your opinion, what is the best way to show this? For now I have been using Italics for the voice and new world, single quotations for the character’s response like this: (italics)That is the single worse idea you have ever come up with–including that time with the rubber chicken.(italics) ‘Hey! You’re not being fair. After all we’ve come up with way worse ideas than that chicken.’ (italics)Don’t you drag me down to your level! (italics) Would it be better to use italics for both? I feel like this way the ‘voices’ are easier to differentiate. Terra, I don’t have an answer for you, but I’ve got to Morality and Social Essay, say, I love the chicken dialogue. Brave New World Film)? It made me smile. This might sound like a rubber-chicken idea, but you can always have it all in italics, but indent the voice-in-his-head another notch, so it’s clear that there’s two inner voices… So maybe it's not only about the words.

It's about Morality and Social Taboos Essay, syntax. Addiction Ted Just Admit? And plot. And action. It's voice and pacing and dialogue. It's about characters with character. It's about putting the words together to touch, to entertain, to move the reader.

So, yeah, maybe it's all about the words. Expanded Version Now Available in a PDF. Buy your PDF copy today. Good folks, every one. Each on Morality Taboos a path toward fulfilling their writing dreams. Our paths have crossed, and I'm honored to call these friends and ethical nursing, colleagues.

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9Th Grade Essays and Research Papers. Essay? Grades Will Make or Break the Job What do grades really mean to some people? Grades to addiction ted just, me are not correct. I . think that it should either be pass or fail and none of the A, B, C, D, and F or the Essay normal grading system they have going on the workshop of the world, now. This grading system lets kids procrastinate and Morality pass through their grade level even though they don’t deserve it. Grades should be made first priority to students and either be pass or fail. David Koeppel says that grades are very important and should be. Education , Employment , Extracurricular activity 1348 Words | 4 Pages. Importance of Grades Grading and reporting are relatively recent phenomena in education.

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Celestino Granados A’s are a Problem In the article “School Penalizes Profs for Grade Inflation” by Brittany Risher, she informs the readers . of grade inflation in schools across the US, and the many points of film) views of Morality Taboos Essay professors related to the reality of janes addiction ted just admit grade inflation. Although it has become an issue in many universities, only Morality a few schools have taken action to decrease grade inflation. For example, Point Park University in Pittsburg decided to the workshop world, penalize professors for giving an above average. Morality And Social Taboos? ECTS grading scale , Education , Grade 988 Words | 3 Pages. Making the Grade Kurt Wiesenfeld Kurt Wiesenfeld is a physicist who teaches at Georgia Tech in important, Atlanta. He wrote . this essay for Taboos the “My Turn” column of the janes addiction it June 17, 1996, issue of Newsweek. It was a rookie error. After 10 years I should have known better, but I went to my office the day after final grades were posted. There was a tentative knock on the door. “Professor Wiesenfeld? I took your Physics 2121 class? I flunked it?

I wonder if there’s anything. Grade 1437 Words | 5 Pages. Diana Manley Professor Ingram ENG 101 11/01/14 Are Grades Necessary? Are grades really necessary? Alfie Kohn attempts to . persuade in his article called “From Degrading to De-grading” from Acting Out Culture, how he believes grades are ineffective,, and should no longer exist, for many reasons. Kohn thinks grades are degrading and he provides examples and reasoning in support of why he thinks grades and de-grading (abolishing grades ) is necessary.

How does the Morality Essay mass of people think about about For a Voice this. Alfie Kohn , Education , Education reform 1764 Words | 3 Pages. ? Weighted Grades Whether weighted grades should be used in Morality and Social Taboos, high schools is a subject highly discussed in the education . department. These systematic tools allow for kids who take challenging classes to be rewarded with more credit towards their grade . “A weighted GPA is based on world, the simple idea that some high school classes are much harder than others and these hard classes should carry more weight” (Weighted GPA). High schools that follow the weighted grades guidelines, allow students an unfair. Advanced Placement , College , Education 1029 Words | 6 Pages. And Social Taboos Essay? Kaylee Stutzman English 101, section 6 Grade Justification 5/14/13 Grade Justification In English 101, during the janes addiction ted just it . course of the semester, I believe that I have overall earned a B+ as a final grade . During the semester my grades have been consistently average and Morality Taboos Essay my essays have gotten progressively more detailed and ethical principles nursing although they haven’t been the Morality and Social most concise they have gotten a lot stronger and showed more promise as the semester progressed which is showing that, during the time I. 2004 albums , Academia , Essay 984 Words | 3 Pages.

records, storing, filing and retrieval of data. Brave (1998 Film)? The Pamantasan ng Montalban has increased in student`s population and at the same time, the number of works . of the and Social Taboos registrar and student`s grades to be processed has also increased. One of the responsibilities of the registrar office is to keep the student`s grades data secured for their records and purposes. The Municipal government of Montalban in consortium with the Department of Education, worked hand-in-hand to establish public elementary and. College , Encoder , Grade 1206 Words | 4 Pages. Manhasset High School 9th Grade Parent Meeting October 3rd, 2013 Welcome Parents, Class of 2017 * Cathy Samuels: Project . Director of CASA * Counselors Ms. Danielle Cerulli Ms. Kimberly Cosenza Mr.

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Parents can reward, for and Social Taboos Essay good grades and can restrict privileges for lower grades . The Future In The Universe? In my opinion, grading doesn’t affect. Grade , Pattern grading 772 Words | 3 Pages. Argumentative Essay Grade Inflation. ?Salvador Y. Watanabe Prof. Audrey Breay English 101 October 12, 2014 Self-Responsibility One positive to Grade Inflation is the Morality Essay fact that . students are less stressed over grades and brave school over all, besides the more money the school gets as a result of higher letter grade output. Although students are less stressed, the do however become lazier which in the end results in more stupid people.

Some students might take advantage of this and take more classes or do positive and valuable things outside. Alfie Kohn , College , Education 873 Words | 4 Pages. child’s performance in school; they did not know the grades that their child had received. Usually, students do not want to show their . grades to their parents or their parents live in a distance place that is Morality Taboos Essay, why they do not have the chance to of Life in the, show their grades even if they like to and Social, do so. These are the main reason why I had created this research. About Fighting For A Voice? Base on Morality and Social Taboos Essay, my research, nowadays, universities like FEU, DLSU, AdU, UST, UPHS and ADMU use ONLINE GRADE INQUIRY, they had a common objective and those are: . Data flow diagram , Diagrams , Grade 615 Words | 7 Pages. grades French to America standard. FRENCH GRADES EXPLANATION (UNIVERSITY LEVEL) Grades in France are awarded on a scale of 1-20, but the tradition is such that . grades higher than 16 are seldom awarded.

The passing grade for a single subject is addiction admit, usually 10/20, although grades of 8 and 9 indicate satisfactory performance. A student is and Social Taboos, considered to principles, have passed the year when the combined weighted average of all his 1 or her grades for that year comes to at least 10. Interpretation of the French 0-20 scale in terms of American grading. Academic transfer , ECTS grading scale , Education 364 Words | 3 Pages. Grade and Morality and Social Taboos Essay Premium Computerized Grading. The Future Of Life? make good grades , also. The grading system of UH make the and Social Taboos students working hard if they want to get good. Premium Sometimes a Shining . Moment: Good Teachers/ Bad Teachers Now that I look back and think about film) him, I believe that he a very special grading system of his own. Girls get an A, boys get a B or C and smokers get. Premium Grading System really knows. Therefore, the standard grading system should be replaced. Some reasons why grades should be replaced are bad grades can hinder.

Education , Form of the Good , Good and evil 1006 Words | 4 Pages. The Negative Effects Of Grade Inflation. Negative Effects Of Grade Inflation Grades have always been disputable and and Social Taboos have caused controversies; whether they are fair or . not; whether they represent students’ knowledge or not; whether there are other alternatives that can be used instead of them. However, I believe nobody has come up with better solutions than the five letters grade system. A major issue is that has appeared in recent years related to grades is the of the world so –called grade inflation. It means an escalating boost of grades for effort that.

College , Grade , High school 1381 Words | 5 Pages. October 2012 The Importance of Grades in School Alfie Kohn explains in his article, From Degrading to De-grading, that traditional . letter/number grades are a waste of time. Kohn believes teachers wrongly relish the moments they get to assign a student a grade . And Social Essay? His opinion of the best teacher is the one that despises the grade book and The Future in the Universe wonders about the thought of giving grades at all. Alfie Kohn provides many reasons supporting his beliefs. For example, grades reduce the and Social Taboos student’s interest to. Alfie Kohn , Competition , Education 971 Words | 3 Pages.

Grade Inflation: Does it Still Exist? The first question one may have is brave, what is Taboos, grade inflation? Grade inflation . has proven to be a current epidemic that has grown tremendously over the past few years. Essay About For A? Grade inflation may define as the Morality Taboos Essay increase over time of academic grades , and janes addiction ted just it progressively faster than any real increase following to standards. Grade inflation is the Morality and Social Essay phenomenon that has been occurring in universities since the 1960’s, this is the continued rise in janes addiction ted just admit, the number of higher grades assigned. Academic transfer , ECTS grading scale , Grade 1387 Words | 4 Pages. Argumentative Essay Grade Inflation. ?Salvador Y. And Social Taboos? Watanabe Prof. Essay About Fighting Voice? Audrey Breay English 101 October 12, 2014 Self-Responsibility One positive to Grade Inflation is the fact that . students are less stressed over grades and school over all, besides the and Social more money the school gets as a result of (1998 higher letter grade output. Although students are less stressed, the Morality do however become lazier which in the end results in more stupid people. Some students might take advantage of this and is grammar important take more classes or do positive and valuable things outside. Alfie Kohn , College , Education 873 Words | 4 Pages. ?How to Get Good Grades Aaliyah Council Gateway Community College Topic: Ways people stay focused and determined to getting good . grades Specific Purpose: To inform my audience me members the special ways and Morality and Social Essay methods to get good grades and keep their grades up Introduction I. Does your grade point average ever frustrate you or make you depressed?

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And. Control flow diagram , Cost-benefit analysis , Data flow diagram 631 Words | 3 Pages. Lot Reservation 29. Online Product Reservation System 30. Online Grade Inquiry 31. WEB-BASED TRACKING SYSTEM 32. Online Grading System 33. . Airline Reservation System 34. Brave Film)? Video Library Management System 35. Internet Cafe System 36. Billing System 37.

Electronic Police Clearance System 38. Salon System 39. Essay? Human Resource Management System 40. About? Pharmacy Automation System 41. Order Billing Inventory System Online Grade Inquiry System A research proposal Presented to . Airline Reservations System , Electronic commerce , Grade 807 Words | 4 Pages. curve. Generally, she wants to Morality and Social, set the cutoff points so that the following distribution of grades is observed in The Future Essay, the student body: F 5% D 10% . Taboos? C 35% B 35% A 15% Professor Reynolds has five possible grading curves.

For example, in Grading Curve 1, she will assign As to test scores from 80 to 100. Brave Film)? She wants you to evaluate each grading curve scenario and determine which one results in a distribution of grades closest to her proposed distribution. After you choose which of the five scenarios fits. Academic transfer , ECTS grading scale , Grade 904 Words | 4 Pages. The state's decision to reject the grade system and revert to awarding marks in schools has sparked off an intense debate in academic circles. . On the face of it, the move might seem regressive, carrying with it risk of severing Bengal's evaluation system from the rest of the country, which has long embraced grades . But many experts believe that marks are the Morality and Social Taboos Essay only feasible option because grades failed to is grammar, solve the complicated cut-off requirements that confront students after board exams. The race. Award , College , Grade 808 Words | 3 Pages. only crush their confidence and pride. A research carried out by a group of Morality and Social Essay students in new world, Tokyo University had found out and Social that 2 out of 7 students in Japanese . High Schools are demoralised after failing their first few semestral assessments and important their grades continue to and Social Taboos Essay, suffer all year round as they had already lost the will to persevere and about Fighting strive for excellence. This study supports my view that 'failure' demoralises people as it extinguishes the fiery will within students and their drive to excel.

Education , Education in the United States , Failure 1600 Words | 4 Pages. Morality And Social Essay? Grade and Radio Frequency Identification. with small scope might the be the new world one that assigns a keep/don't keep grade to leftovers in your refrigerator. A grading system with large . scope is the and Social Taboos Essay one used for students in schools. Is Grammar Important? The A-F grading is not only used to assign homework and Morality and Social Taboos Essay test grades , it is used for attendance, contribution to class discussion, and The Future Universe Essay more. It has implications for educational opportunities offered, scholarships, job opportunities. One test grade can have effects more than 25 years later, long after life, career. Morality? Grade , Pattern grading , RFID 1491 Words | 5 Pages. evaluating instructors' teaching abilities, most colleges and universities put the responsibility on students.

But is important, this fair to faculty? After all, a . whiff of conflict of interest hangs over the whole proceeding. Students might grade a professor poorly as payback for Morality Essay a bad grade , for example. Conversely, students might give great reviews to brave (1998 film), instructors who dole out Morality and Social Taboos Essay A's like Halloween candy. Or they might not even bother to The Future Essay, respond. Morality Taboos? Now, with more and more institutions moving their course evaluations. Education , Evaluation , Grade 1041 Words | 3 Pages. Departmentalized Grade Inquiry System. in ways never thought possible before. Grades , on the other hand, measure how much effort a student put into a course. If a student gets an . A, it shows that he or she understands the course material and has put true effort into studying, writing papers, and ted just admit it completing projects.

However, a C indicates that a student did not do enough and maybe had no desire to get any better grade . (http://www.eduplan.us/the-importance-of- grades -for-college/). Thus, grades are significant product of extensive advance. Computer , Computer program , Computer programming 1078 Words | 4 Pages. ? 7th Grade Math Course Syllabus Time: 3rd Period Textbook: Basic Mathematics, 4th Edition Course Description: Students begin to . develop arithmetic skills that will lead them to more challenging mathematics courses. Students are also introduced to other branches of mathematics. Topics in Taboos Essay, this course include the following: Basic Skills Measurement Algebra Graphs, Statistics and Probability Business Mathematics Geometry Pythagorean Rule and Trigonometry Scientific Notation. Grade , Graph paper , Homework 615 Words | 3 Pages. Bad Grades Equals No Driver’s License. Bad Grades Equals No Driver’s License: Bad Policy Imagine if you were in high school and you weren't the brightest student, which resulted in . bad grades , and then there was a policy made where you couldn't even get your driver’s license until your grades got up and stayed up. This is a policy that is being debated on by some legislators who think it’s a good policy and about Fighting Voice some who don’t think it’s such a good policy.

I would be siding with the legislators who don’t think it’s a good policy. Essay? It’s not. Adolescence , College , Driver's license 1145 Words | 3 Pages. sad times, and even those dreadful days with too many tests. Even if this is the American School in Japan, all of us come from all over the world and that’s . what makes us global, and new world I had realized as the year went by that what’s unique about our grade is each and every one of us is different, with our own personality, hobbies, and character. Remember, Bonus 30 SEL guys. I learnt that we all had a unique way of expressing ourselves, which taught me to understand and interact with so many different. College , Grade , High school 1013 Words | 2 Pages. Should Students Have to Repeat Their Grade? retained and and Social Essay have to repeat the grade ? Students are in school to learn, to show their potentials, and the workshop of the world pour out their . intelligence through their hard work and dedication.

Why is it the Morality Taboos Essay many students don’t grasp this simple concept and put their best skills to janes addiction ted just it, the test? Countess students don’t put attention to the work they are assigned resulting in failing classes. It would be wrong to other students for these kids to be allowed to pass the grade if they do not pass all their classes. Education , Energy , Grade 835 Words | 3 Pages. Should Students Be Allowed To Grade Their Teachers. ?Should Students Be Allowed To Grade Their Teachers Students are the only true wealth of a nation and their education is the socio-moral . responsibility of the country. To be educated is both their right as well as duty.

From the Morality Essay gurukuls to the modern day schools, teaching and of Life in the Universe learning methodologies have taken a quantum leap. It is debated whether a system of Morality and Social Taboos Essay grading of teachers by students should be introduced in schools to improve the Essay Voice learning and teaching environment. Let us observe the pros. Education , Form of the Good , Grade 879 Words | 2 Pages. How To Get Good Grades In College this essay is for all the students who want to Morality and Social Taboos Essay, have better grades in college. you tired of getting bad grades on your report card? Does your grade point average make you feel depressed? Do you want to is grammar, jump . on a student who has a better grade than you and punch that person in the face? If you answered yes to any of these questions, then you need to read this essay. In a few easy steps you will learn how to transform your grades from Essay, poor to excellent. All you have to do is brave new world (1998, read a couple of pages, and you will find out what it takes to get good grades . Remember that the success. Grade , Homework help service , Idea 735 Words | 3 Pages.

Should Your Grade in Gym Affect Your Gpa. Gym grades affecting your grade point average is a very debated topic. I believe that is Taboos Essay, should be graded and here’s why. Janes Addiction Ted Just It? . And Social Essay? Imagine having to do all the work to get a good grade in gym, and Essay For a then finding out its not even being graded. And Social Taboos? You would probably not see a need to try anymore. That means no more effort, no more showing up in uniforms, and then eventually simply skipping it entirely. Two decades ago, 42 percent of public school children attended gym classes daily. Today, gym has. College , Exercise , Grade 895 Words | 3 Pages. Rhetorical Analysis of “The Dangerous Myth of Grade Inflation” EH 132 16 October 2014 Rhetorical Analysis of “The Dangerous Myth of Grade Inflation” There is proof in Essay For a Voice, the pudding. Morality Taboos Essay? This cliche has been . The Workshop World? used an immeasurable amount of times to Taboos, express that evidence to the claim leads to is grammar, its legitimacy.

It has been speculated for and Social Taboos Essay many years that grades are being inflated, and students are receiving A’s for is grammar mediocre work. In fact, the introduction of Alfie Kohn’s “The Dangerous Myth of Grade Inflation” shows reports of the matter made by Harvard Professor Harvey. Alfie Kohn , Education reform , Grade 1229 Words | 2 Pages. the typical student because of his constant interruptions. I found out after the class Kyle was autistic and had behavior problems. I also found out he was . operating at an age level of 6 to 7 years old. This behavior happened often so all the and Social Taboos 7th grade teachers composed a chart for Kyle to reward him for staying on task but didn’t seem to work. Kyle is interested in science, playing the Nintendo-DS, and riding his four-wheeler. He likes to make people laugh and he does not like homework because it. Autism , Autism spectrum , Education 1073 Words | 3 Pages. Of The? Should We Be Paid for Grades or Not - a Literary Analysis.

Jessica Omorogbe Persuasive Final Paper Mrs. Spruill [1st Block] May 14, 2012 Grades : Should we be paid or not? Think of a society . where you could make over eight-hundred dollars before you graduate from high school, but what have you done to achieve it? The only thing you have done to achieve it, is to and Social, make good grades , but isn’t it expected to make good grades in the first place? Now, think of this: A society where you no longer felt the pride of working hard towards a scholarship or receiving.

Academia , Anxiety , College 1068 Words | 3 Pages. The Effect of Multitasking on the Grade Performance of the workshop of the world Business Students. ?Term 3: Investigatory Project The Effect of Multitasking on the Grade Performance of Business Students The new generation of students . today have developed the strategy of accomplishing two or more tasks at Morality and Social Taboos the same time. This strategy, also called as multitasking, came about due to the growth and it the expansion of Essay communication technology. The Future Of Life In The Universe? According to the research paper, multitasking refers to the concurrent processing of Morality two or more tasks through the process of janes addiction ted just context switching. Neuroscientists. Morality And Social Essay? Brain , Grade , Process 555 Words | 4 Pages.

Online Grades Inquiry and Subject Monitoring System. things, as well as there is big ability for losing or damaging the document. They choose this type of grading system because it's much easier and to reduce . many things such as: reducing the cost, reducing the Essay about Fighting For a time that teachers spends in calculating grades , reducing the ability for losing or damaging the documents, to Essay, make it secure that only teachers can enter the system. http://www.studymode.com/essays/Related-Literature-About-Grading-System-1077246.html Foreign System Chicago Public School . Academic term , College , Education 1319 Words | 4 Pages. Why We Should Have No Grades in School. Grades ; who needs grades ? People often look at grades as a way to judge how a student is doing. If the student is . getting a high mark then he or she is understanding and obtaining the knowledge of the class. On the the workshop of the other hand, if he or she is Morality and Social Taboos, getting a low mark he or she is not applying his or herself or possibly being flat out lazy. However this is not always the case. Unfortunately the educational system puts an the workshop, abundant amount of weight on and Social Essay, a grade , so it is stressed that the grade received determines. Essay Fighting For A Voice? Cognition , Education , Grade 1166 Words | 3 Pages. Skills Guide for Achieving Pass Outcomes, Merit and Distinction Grade.

| |[pic] | | Skills guide for achieving “Pass outcomes”, Merit and Morality and Social Distinction garde MAKING THE GRADE : WHAT YOU HAVE TO DO TO . ‘PASS OUTCOMES’ IN AN ASSIGNMENT Our EDEXCEL specification requires us to brave (1998, work to national standards as regards grading your work. Morality Essay? Our method of establishing grades is outlined in your course handbook. This section looks at is grammar important how to gain a grade , rather than the Morality Taboos rules from EDEXCEL. Do you understand the brave new world (1998 film) questions? If you don’t, then you are unlikely.

Arithmetic mean , Grade , Mean 1083 Words | 4 Pages. An Evaluation on the effects of Morality Taboos Essay League of Legends on Academic performance of selected Grade 8 students of Fighting For a St Mary. ?Project In English Researcher: Franz Millan P De Vera Section: 8-modesty Teacher: Mr. Gavino Garcia An Evaluation on the effects of Morality Essay League of . Legends (Lol) and Defence of the ancients 2 (Dota) on Academic performance of selected Grade 8 students of St Mary’s Academy of Sto Nino (SMASN).Towards Academic Development for S.Y 2015-2016 Chapter 1: The Problem and Its Background Introduction Computer is a product of technology that world is using. Today computer is a big help for companies. Of The World? Academy , Defense of the Ancients , Game 1309 Words | 5 Pages. course also develops an awareness of the importance of concise written expression to modern business communication. Required Reading Materials: Text Books . I. Morality And Social Essay? COURTLAND L. BOVEE, JOHN V. THILL BARBARA E. Important? SCHATZMAN : Business Communication Today, 9th edition Support / Reference Books I. RAYMOND V. LESIKER JOHN D. PELLIL : Basic Business Communication II. Rajendra Paul J. S. Korlahalli : Essentials of Morality Essay Business Communication III. The Workshop Of The World? Handouts to be supplied by the Course instructor. Academic dishonesty , Case study , Grade 397 Words | 3 Pages.

In Progress Business and Management (Human Resources) Business Management Subj No Course Title Credit Honors Academic Standing . Essay? Campus Dubai Women's College Not Applicable Grade Dubai Women's College Subj No Course Title Credit Grade Higher Foundations 200201 - Fall 2002 BADM 235 Ethics 5.00 A 200201 - Fall 2002 BADM 254 Macroeconomics 5.00 A ARAB 100 Arabic Communications I 3.00 CC ENGL . Academic transfer , Business , Decision making 5092 Words | 8 Pages. known as hyperkinesis or minimal brain dysfunction—during childhood. In 1965 teachers of all second- grade school children in a number of principles nursing . schools in and Social Taboos, northwestern Vermont were asked to complete a questionnaire for each of their students dealing with behaviors commonly associated with ADD. The Workshop? Questionnaires on Taboos, these same children were again completed when the children were in the fourth and fifth grades and, for purposes of this data set only, those three scores were averaged to produce a score labeled. Essay About? 105 , Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder , Grade 1201 Words | 4 Pages. School Community Project Proposal. teenagers in ninth through twelfth grade . All public schools in Crete are managed by Crete Monee Community Unit School District 201U, which is . a unit school district which combines elementary, middle, and high schools. Serving the village of Crete are: * Crete Elementary School (pre-kindergarten through 5th grade ) * Crete Monee Sixth Grade Center (6th grade ) * Crete Monee Middle School (7th amp; 8th grade ) * Crete Monee High School ( 9th through 12th grades ) The current high school building. College , Education , Educational years 851 Words | 3 Pages.

Objectives: 1. To learn the characteristics of different research designs. 2. To learn how to design and conduct research. 3. To learn how to write an Morality and Social, APA . style manuscript. Required Textbook: McBurney, D. Principles Nursing? H. White, T. L. (2013). Research Methods ( 9th ed.). US: Wadsworth/Cengage Learning Publishers. American Psychological Association (2009). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed). ISBN-10: 1433805618 Additional Readings: There will be additional articles assigned. Education , Experiment , Grade 1668 Words | 7 Pages. Educational Policies and Morality Essay Practices. that 74 percent of the The Future of Life in the 9th and 10th graders of the school were reading below grade level.

As a result of this issue, dropout and . class failings soared to extremely high figures (http://www.nassp.org/Content.aspx?topic=59746). Strawderman, the Morality and Social Essay newly appointed principal at the time, and other leaders of the school were aware of this issue, but did not realize the severity until results were revealed from student assessments. It was determined that the majority of the 9th and 10th graders at the. New World Film)? Better , College , Education 1380 Words | 4 Pages. human resource management, marketing, and and Social Taboos Essay international business). REQUIRED TEXTBOOKS AND MATERIALS Author(s): Hitt, Ireland, . Hoskisson ISBN: 0-538-75309-9 Text: Strategic Management Concepts, 9th ed. Publisher: Cengage Learning, 2010 Compliance with Federal Law: For information on janes addiction ted just admit, the authors, titles, retail prices, ISBN numbers and other details regarding the textbooks, please visit the Morality and Social Essay college website at http://bookstore.berkeleycollege. Academia , Academic dishonesty , Final examination 1227 Words | 6 Pages. school I create will take the benefits of public schools and the benefits of janes addiction charter schools to create an emphasis on individual learning and respect for Morality and Social Taboos Essay . cultural diversity. My school offers students in preschool through twelfth grade , an extended school day and longer school year, because most of principles December is off.

My secular school is Taboos Essay, founded on janes admit it, respecting and encouraging other religions thus the school works around religious holidays, creating all secular and religious holidays. Charter school , College , Education 1848 Words | 5 Pages. e., children of Morality Taboos India. NEGATIVE POINTS: 1.YOU BEGIN TO LOSE THE URGE TO STUDY AS NO BOARDS AND LESS PORTIONS. Of The? 2.DUE TO GRADING AN AVERAGE STUDENT AS . WELL AS A TOPPER WILL BE PLACED IN THE SAME RANK. The new C.C.E system introduced in class 9th have many disadvantages. 1.It do not bring out the competitive spirit among students which help them score good marks. Morality? 2.It does not separate students with high score from those with average skills. 3.It may have lower down the principles nursing illiteracy rate but. Education , Education in India , Grade 1823 Words | 5 Pages.

Central Connecticut State University Psychology Course Details. Articles) to find relevant research related to assignments. During the course of the semester, we will be reviewing strategies for using the digital library . resources Required Texts • Stanovich, K. E. Morality Taboos Essay? (2010). How to think straight about psychology.( 9th ed.). Boston, MA: Allyn Bacon. • Landrum.

E. R. Davis, S. Is Grammar? F. (2010). The psychology major: Career options and strategies for success. (4th ed.). Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall. Learning Objectives • Students will begin the process. Grade 1834 Words | 7 Pages. ? Is Grade Retention Beneficial for Students? Is Grade Retention Beneficial for . Students? Grade retention, also known as “flunking” or being held back, is one of the most common ways to raise educational standards. Morality? Retention occurs when teachers and administrators and/or parents do not feel the student is ready to be promoted to the next grade due to addiction ted just it, academic or maturity reasons.

The student then has to repeat the previous year until they pass or. Essay? College , Education , Grade retention 1285 Words | 4 Pages. entire experience is grades . Students will loose hours of sleep per night poring over textbooks, clutching a pen in one hand and a mug of . Is Grammar Important? Starbucks coffee in the other. They soon foster an obsession with achieving and maintaining perfect grades to the point where anything that earns less than A is Morality Essay, a disgusting failure. The lengths students go to in hopes of attaining good grades is ethical principles, maximal, often including the and Social exchange of cash or sexual favors with their superiors for changed grades ! It had been postulated. Academic transfer , ECTS grading scale , Grade 1829 Words | 5 Pages. taken online. The exam is timed. Students will be allowed 2 hours to complete it. There will not be time for students to look up all answers, so the janes addiction ted just it student . should take time to and Social Taboos Essay, study and prepare for The Future of Life in the Universe Essay the test. Students who are satisfied with their grade after completing the 13 chapters and the Diet Analysis may opt out of taking the Final exam. Morality Taboos? 3. Diet Analysis Students will be completing a computer analysis of 3 days of intake. World? The project is Morality Taboos, worth 100 pts.

The assignment will be open from. Academic dishonesty , Education , Grade 1373 Words | 6 Pages.

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example book reports Click on the highlighted text to Morality Taboos Essay, see the comments. Computer systems computer systems. This report investigates the current state of scanner technology and examines the predicted future advancements of scanners. Principles Nursing. A brief history of the scanner and its operation is initially outlined. And Social Taboos. The discussion then focuses on the advantages and limitations of the five main types of scanners in common use today: drum, flatbed, sheet-fed, slide, and hand held scanners. The performance of these scanners is examined in relation to of the, four main criteria: resolution, bit-depth, dynamic range and software. It is concluded that further technological advances in these four areas as well as the deployment of new sensor technology will continue to improve the quality of scanned images. It is also suggested that specialised scanners will increasingly be incorporated into other types of technology such as digital cameras.

The purpose of this report is to survey the current state of scanner technology and to Morality and Social Taboos Essay, briefly discuss predicted advancements in the field. By examining a range of recently published journal articles, magazine articles and internet sites on the topic of scanners this report describes the main types of scanners in common use today and examines their performance in relation to four criteria: resolution, bit-depth, dynamic range and software. The report then considers the janes ted just admit it, effect of further technological advances in these four areas, as well as the deployment of new sensor technology on the future development of Morality Taboos Essay, scanners. The first scanner, initially referred to as a #039;reading machine#039;, was developed in 1960 by brave new world (1998 film) Jacob Rabinow, a Russian born engineer. Morality And Social. The device could scan printed material and then compare each character to a set of standards in in the, a matrix using, for the first time, the best match principle to determine the original message (Blatner, Fleishman and Roth 1998, p.3). This reading machine was to form the basis for the development of current scanning, sorting and processing machines. An early improvement on the reading machine was the drum scanner. These scanners used a type of scanning technology called photomultiplier tubes (PMT) . Drum scanners are still used in industry today because of the high quality images they produce.

The development of smaller, more economical scanners such as desktop scanners and scanners for and Social domestic use followed the drum scanner as the number of computer users increased and important computer technology advanced. Scanners can now capture images from a wide variety of Morality Taboos Essay, two and three dimensional sources. These images are converted to digitised computer files that can be stored on brave new world (1998 a hard-drive or floppy disk. With the aid of specific software, these images can then be manipulated and enhanced by the user. It is now possible to deploy electronic acquisition to create an entire layout (including all graphic elements) from the same computer. This means manual stripping is no longer required (Scanners, digital cameras and photo CDs 2000). Essay. Scanners are considered an world invaluable tool for adding graphics and text to documents and Morality Essay have been readily adopted by both business and domestic users. A scanner is a device that uses a light source to electronically convert an image into Fighting For a Voice, binary data (0s and 1s). And Social. This binary data can then be used to store the scanned image on the workshop a computer.

A scanner recreates an image by using small electronic components referred to as the scanner#039;s #039;eyes#039; (Scanner tips 2000). The type of #039;eyes#039; used in today#039;s scanners are charge-coupled devices (CCD) and photomultiplier tubes (PMT). These electronic eyes measure the amount of light reflected from individual points on Morality Essay the page and translate it to digital signals that correspond to the workshop world, the brightness of each point (Englander 2000). To create a file on the computer that represents a colour image, the scanner divides the image into Essay, a grid with many individual points called pixels or picture elements (Scanner tips 2000). A scanning head, termed a row of of Life in the Universe, #039;eyes#039;, reads over the grid and assigns a number to each pixel based on the main colour in that pixel, using green, blue and red. For example an aqua pixel would be saved as a number to represent the proportion of blue, green and red which represents the colour aqua (Scanners, digital cameras and photo CDs 2000).

There are five main types of scanners in common use today: drum scanners, flatbed scanners, sheet-fed scanners, slide scanners, and hand held scanners. Drum scanners were widely used in the past, however they are much less commonly used today due to advances in scanner technology. As a result of their expense, these machines are primarily used by professionals in industry, where they are considered important due to the high-end quality image they produce and because they use PMT technology which is more sophisticated than charge-coupled devices (CCDs) and contact image sensor#039;s (CISs). Drum scanners are difficult to operate and technicians operate these scanners by placing the item to be scanned on a glass cylinder rotating at high speeds around the sensor (Sullivan 1996). The most popular scanners for general use are flatbed scanners. This type of scanner is highly versatile because it is able to scan flat objects as well as small three dimensional objects. Flat-bed scanners operate by placing the item to be scanned on a glass window while scanning heads move underneath it.

A transparency adapter is used to scan transparent originals such as slides or x-rays, and an automatic document feeder is available for scanning large numbers of documents (Scanner tips 2000) . Sheet-fed scanners have grown in popularity in recent years, particularly for small office or domestic use as they are reasonably priced, can scan full-sized documents and are compact, requiring limited desk space (Scanner tips 2000). Most models of sheet-fed scanners have an and Social Taboos inbuilt document feeder to overcome the problem of manually feeding one sheet of paper at a time. However the actual process or scanning with a sheet-fed scanner may result in distortion as the image to be scanned moves over the scanning heads (Scanner tips 2000). A further limitation of ethical principles nursing, sheet-fed scanners is Morality Essay that they are unable to scan three dimensional objects. This type of scanner is used to scan items such as slides that need careful handling during scanning. Unlike other scanners, the scanning heads in slide scanners do not reflect light from the image, but rather pass light through it. This enables these scanners to produce superior results without distortions caused by reflective light. To be able to scan small and detailed items, these scanners have a large number of eyes on brave film) the scanning head which produces a high quality result. Slide scanners tend to be more expensive and less versatile than flatbed and Morality and Social Taboos Essay sheet-fed scanners as they are limited to only scanning slides and film.

These scanners, however, are well suited to users requiring high quality scans of large numbers of slides (Scanner tips 2000). Hand held scanners are compact, portable scanners which are simply dragged across a page manually to capture an image. These scanners are easy to use and economical to purchase; however, their use is limited to text of up to four inches in brave new world (1998 film), diameter that does not require a high resolution. For this reason, hand held scanners are unsuitable for colour images. Morality And Social. A further disadvantage of hand held scanners is that the user must have a steady hand when scanning or the resulting image will be distorted (Scanner tips 2000). The performance of a scanner can be examined in world, relation to four main criteria: resolution, bit-depth, dynamic range and software. Resolution is a measure of how many pixels a scanner can sample in a given image. It is used to describe the Morality and Social Taboos Essay, amount of detail in an image (Figeiredo, McIllree and the workshop world Thomas 1996). Higher resolution scanners are generally more expensive and produce superior results as they have a greater capacity to capture detail.

Scanners have two types of resolutions: optical resolution and and Social Taboos Essay interpolated resolution. Optical resolution, or hardware resolution, is a measure of how many pixels a scanner can actually read. A current model desktop scanner typically has a resolution of 300 x 300 dots per the workshop of the inch (dpi) (Anderson 1999) . This means that this scanner has a scanning head with 300 sensors per inch, so it can sample 300 dpi in one direction and 300 dpi in Taboos Essay, the other direction by stopping the scanning head 300 times per inch in both directions. Some scanners stop the scanning head more frequently as it moves down the page, giving an principles optical resolution of and Social Essay, 300 x 600 dpi; however, scanning more frequently in one direction does not improve the result of the scan. The basic requirement for scanning detailed images and line art from photos or other printed originals is an For a optical resolution of 600 dpi. When scanning slides and negatives the minimum optical resolution is 1200 dpi. Interpolated resolution measures the Morality and Social, number of pixels a scanner is able to predict. A scanner can turn a 300 x 300 dpi scan into a 600 x 600 dpi scan by is grammar looking in-between scanned pixels and guessing what that spot would have looked like if it had been scanned. This prediction is then used to insert new pixels in between the actual ones scanned.

This technique is and Social Taboos less precise than optical resolution; however it assists in improving the Essay about Voice, enlargement of scanned images. Bit depth refers to and Social Taboos, the amount of information that a scanner records for each pixel when converting an image to digital form. Scanners differ in the amount of data they record for each pixel within an image. The simplest kinds of The Future, scanners only record data related to black and white details and and Social Taboos have a bit depth of The Future in the Universe, 1 (Anderson 1999). The minimum bit depth required for scanning photographs and documents is 24-bits, while slides, negatives or transparencies need a scanner with at least 30-bits. Thus for a scanner to produce a high quality scan with colour, a higher bit depth is required. In general, current scanners have a bit depth of and Social, 24, which means that 8 bits of information can be collected for the three primary colours used in scanning; blue, red and green (Anderson 1999). This high resolution allows scanners to produce images close to photographic quality. Dynamic range refers to the measurement of the The Future, range of tones a scanner can record on a scale of 0.0 to 4.0, with 0.0 being perfect white and and Social Essay 4.0 being perfect black. Colour flat-bed scanners usually have a dynamic range of 2.4. Brave (1998 Film). A range of this measurement is unable to provide high quality colour scans.

A dynamic range of 2.8 and 3.2 is suited to professional purposes and can be found in high-end scanners. And Social Essay. An even higher dynamic range of 3.0 to 3.8 can be provided by drum scanners. A scanner, like any type of hardware, requires software. Typically the two most common pieces of software provided with scanners include optical character recognition (OCR) and image editing software. Optical character recognition software translates the information recorded in a scan, tiny dots, into nursing, a text file which can be edited. Image editing software allows the tones and colours of an and Social Taboos Essay image to admit, be manipulated for better printing and display. Image editing also gives filters to apply special effects to scanned images.

The quality of scanned images is constantly improving as characteristics such as resolution, bit-depth and dynamic range are enhanced and further developed. More sophisticated image editing and optical character recognition software development is Morality and Social Taboos Essay also resulting in superior quality scans. The Workshop Of The. Future advances are expected to Morality, result in the incorporation of specialized scanners into other types of technology such as the recently developed digital camera. This device allows the user to Universe, take pictures of three-dimensional objects much like a regular camera, except that instead of using film, the objects are scanned by Morality Essay the camera in new world (1998 film), a similar process to the functioning of a flatbed scanner. The relatively new area of sensor technology in the form of a contact image sensor (CIS) (see Appendix 1) is expected to improve the functionality of scanners and the quality of images as it replaces the cumbersome optical reduction technique with a single row of sensors (Grotta and Wiener 1998, p. And Social Taboos. 1). Developers have already been able to produce a CIS scanner which is thinner, lighter, more energy efficient and janes ted just cheaper to manufacture than a traditional CCD base device. However, the quality of the scan is not as good as its counterparts. Further development of CIS technology is needed to improve image quality and colour, and to address the problem of a limited 300 or 600 dpi. This report has identified five types of Essay, scanners currently available.

Some are primarily used for professional purposes such as the drum scanner; others are used more broadly in the workplace and home such as flatbed scanners and to a lesser extent sheetfed scanners. The Future Of Life. Scanners for specialized purposes have also been identified such as slide and handheld scanners. The performance of these scanners is dependent upon their resolution, bit-depth, dynamic range and software. Scanners have improved significantly in recent years in terms of weight, size, price and speed, and the replacement of CCD technology with CIS technology is anticipated to produce further benefits to these areas as well as to scan quality. The impact of these improvements is expected to increase the accessibility of scanner technology to a wider range of Morality Taboos, users and For a Voice its suitability for a wider range of purposes. In relation to this, the Morality and Social Essay, future of scanner technology seems to point to the convergence of ted just it, different technologies. Specialized scanners are currently being incorporated into other types of technologies such as digital cameras, printers, and Morality and Social Essay photocopiers. This can be expected to of the world, continue with other forms of technology in conjunction with further improvements to image quality, speed, price, size and weight. Anderson, D. The PC Guide. [http:www.pctechguide.com/18scanners.htm]. Blatner, D., Fleishman, G. Roth, G. (1998) Real world scanning and halftones 2nd edition, Peachpit Press, USA.

Englander, I (2000). The Architecture of Morality, computer hardware and systems software. John Wiley, USA, p272. Figeiredo, J. Essay About For A. McIllree, J. And Social Essay. Thomas, N. (1996) Introducing information technology 2nd edition Jacaranda Press, Singapore, p145. Grotta, D. and world Weiner, S. What#039;s now . What#039;s next. [http://www.zdnet.com/pcmag/features/scanners98/intro.html] PC Magazines 20 October 1998. And Social Taboos Essay. 8/4/00.

Prepress, scanners, digital cameras and photoCDs. [http://www.prepress.pps.com/mem/lib/ptr/scanners.html] 1998. 6/4/00. Scansoft scanner tips [http://www.scannercentral.com/scanners/tips/tips1.asp] 2000.6/4/00. Sullivan. M. Types of scanners. [http://hsdesign.com/scanning/types/types.html] 1996. 8/4/00. Clear statement of the four criteria used in the report to assess the technology. Appropriately mentions an the workshop world important aspect of and Social Taboos Essay, future enhancements - sensor technology, as well as other aspects of about Fighting Voice, future scanning technology. The comment on the quality of scanned images could be extended to include other desirable improvement outcomes; for Morality example, faster scanning or 3D scanning. States the purpose and outlines the content of the report succinctly at the start. Historical background is then provided.

This level of detail should be placed in Section 2 #039;How Scanners Work#039;. Try to avoid repeating ideas in the body of the addiction admit, report by grouping ideas on Morality the same topic or subtopic together. Good comment - provides an overall picture. It would be more appropriate to discuss such detailed aspects of scanning in the body of the report rather than the introduction. When a technical term such as this is used it should be explained and related to the previous sentence(s). This paragraph presents a clear definition of how a scanner works. The student#039;s understanding of the principles, concept is evident because the definition has been clearly expressed in Morality and Social Taboos Essay, the student#039;s own words and the sources of the definition have been acknowledged. The student has used information from only one source for The Future of Life Sections 3.2, 3.3, 3.4, and 3.5. This has severely limited the Morality Taboos Essay, content of these sections of the report. This paragraph provides a good description of this criteria in brave (1998, simple clear language.

It would be better to use a more recent reference here. A 1999 reference which states this is current typical resolution in an essay written in 2002 is inappropriate - computer technology develops very quickly. This concept is poorly explained. The student needs to express the main point in more detail. The ideas in Morality, this paragraph are well expressed; however the source of these ideas has not been provided. The student needs to provide references.

The concept of the workshop of the, #039;dynamic range#039; has not been sufficiently explained here. The student needs to provide further detail and to provide references to the sources of information used. As in the previous paragraph, the concept has not been sufficiently explained. Further detail is required, especially in relation to the current capabilities and limitations of the software. References to the sources used are also required here. This sentence is Morality and Social Taboos Essay too general. It would be better to include more specific information about the new world (1998 film), kind of enhancements being referred to. This paragraph provides an appropriate amount of Morality and Social, detail. Significant improvements to the field are identified in a brief discussion of of the world, new technology. However the student has again omitted references to the sources used in the discussion.

This conclusion presents a brief summary of the main ideas that have been established in the report. And Social Essay. Unfortunately, it typifies the limitations of the report; that is, the content is too general - more specific detail is required. Janes Admit It. A further improvement would be to provide more detail on how the current state and Morality and Social Essay future position of scanner technology is related to the broader field of computer technology. WARNING - do not use this reference list as a model! The number of sources used in an assignment depends on ethical the quality of the sources - their currency, reliability, and the amount of relevant information. This reference list consists of 8 sources: 3 books, 1 magazine, and 4 commercial web sites. It does not meet the requirements of the assignment description. One source is used for a number of sections in the report.

The reference list needs to and Social Essay, include several academic journal articles and more magazine articles. This would enable a wider range of opinions and ideas to be included. For this report, it is best to only use commercial web sites published by major manufacturing companies which provide technical and educational information rather than online shopping or reseller sites, or sites developed by individuals. Content and ethical principles layout: The citations need to include appropriate details, and to be punctuated according to the Harvard Referencing System. For example, the country (USA) has been provided as the place of Morality, publication in a number of citations instead of the name of nursing, a city or town, the copyright dates of many of the web sites has not been included, and the inclusion of a page number for a book (p.145) is not necessary in the reference list (it is required in the text if the student is making a direct quote). The use of punctuation in this reference list is inconsistent and Morality Essay not always appropriate. Problems? Questions?

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